अंग्रेज़ी

Posted Date : 01-Jan-2018
  • Idiom
    cross your mind

    If an idea or thought crosses your mind, you suddenly think of it.
    It just crossed my mind that the shops are closed today.
    on the fly
    If you do something on the fly, you do it quickly, without thinking much about it, while doing something else.
    I'm so busy I usually have lunch on the fly.
    grab a bite to eat
    If you grab a bite to eat, you get something to eat quickly.
    We should have time to grab a bite to eat before the show.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    rub out-Erase    
    Write it in pencil so that you can rub it out.
    Lose an- opportunity to do something.    
    If you leave before Saturday you'll miss out on the party.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    effect  (noun)

    1. a condition or occurrence traceable to a cause better health is always one of the effects of improved hygiene
    Synonyms- of effect aftereffect, aftermath, backwash, child, conclusion, consequence, corollary, development, fate, fruit, issue, outcome, outgrowth, precipitate, product, result, resultant, sequel, sequence, upshot
    Near Antonyms- of effect consideration, determinant, factor base, basis, foundation, ground, groundwork impetus, incentive, inspiration, instigation, stimulus mother, origin, root, source, spring
    Antonyms- of effect antecedent, causation, cause, occasion, reason
    2. the power to bring about a result on another religion has a profound effect on our lives
    Synonyms- of effect impact, influence, mark, repercussion, sway
    Near Antonyms- of effect helplessness, impotence, impotency, powerlessness, weakness
    3. effects pl  transportable items that one owns
    the family packed up its household effects and moved to Florida
    Synonyms- of effect belongings, chattels, duds, effects, gear, goods, holdings, movables (or moveables), paraphernalia, personal effects, personal property, personalty, plunder [chiefly dialect], stuff, things
    Near Antonyms- of effect immovables, real estate

     

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Posted Date : 30-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    cut it out

    If you say 'cut it out' to someone, you are telling them to stop doing something.
    I've had enough of your insinuations, so just cut it out!
    no flies on (someone)
    To say that there are no flies on someone means that they are quick to understand and cannot be tricked or deceived easily.
    It's better to tell him all the facts.  There are no flies on him.
    go out the window
    If a quality, principle or opportunity goes out the window, it disappears, is lost or abandoned.
    When the plant closed down, all hopes of finding a job went out the window.


    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Screenager: A young person or teenager who spends a lot of time in front of the computer screen.
    Textual harassment: Sending text messages to mobile phones which insult or abuse people.
    Nevertiree : A person who continues to work after they have reached the age of retirement.


    Synonyms and Antonyms
    print (noun)

    1. a perceptible trace left by pressure one telltale sign that I had been napping was the print left by the chenille bedspread on my cheek
    Synonyms- of print impress, impression, imprint, stamp
    2. a picture created from an image recorded on a light sensitive surface by a camera
    we now get our prints developed online
    Synonyms- of print photo, pic, photograph, shot, snap, snapshot
    Words Related- to print blowup, close-up, enlargement, still telephoto daguerreotype, ferrotype, monochrome, sepia, tintype


     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    nod off- Fall asleep    
    My grandfather often nods off in front of the television.
    put forward- Propose or recommend something
    The chairman put forward a new plan.
    take out- Extract from somewhere.    
    She took out a pen to note the address.
     

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Posted Date : 29-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs
    (An) Englishman's  home is his castle
    An Englishman's home is a place where he feels safe, enjoys privacy and can do as he wishes.
    (A) good beginning makes a good end
    If a task is carefully planned, there's a better chance that it will be well done.
    If in February there be no rain, 'tis neither good for hay nor grain
    Plants and grains will grow badly if there is no rain in early spring.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    give away- 1) Give something free of charge. 2) Reveal something.
    1) He gave away most of his paintings. 2) The names of the witnesses will not be given away.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    alone / lonely

    Alone, can be used as an adjective or adverb. Either use means without other people or on your own.
    For example: "He likes living alone." "I think we're alone now." = There are just the two of us here.
    Lonely is an adjective which means you are unhappy because you are not with other people.
    For example: "The house feels lonely now that all the children have left home."
    Note - Just because you're alone, doesn't mean you're lonely.

     ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Advertising

    Word             Meaning
    billboard    Signboard for advertising             posters.
    direct mail    Advertisement sent by post to             prospective customers.
    editing        Reviewing or rewriting in order         to make suitable for publica            tion.

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Posted Date : 27-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    cut it out

    If you say 'cut it out' to someone, you are telling them to stop doing something.
    I've had enough of your insinuations, so just cut it out!
    no flies on (someone)
    To say that there are no flies on someone means that they are quick to understand and cannot be tricked or deceived easily.
    It's better to tell him all the facts.  There are no flies on him.
    go out the window
    If a quality, principle or opportunity goes out the window, it disappears, is lost or abandoned.
    When the plant closed down, all hopes of finding a job went out the window.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Screenager: A young person or teenager who spends a lot of time in front of the computer screen.
    Textual harassment: Sending text messages to mobile phones which insult or abuse people.
    Nevertiree : A person who continues to work after they have reached the age of retirement.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    print (noun)

    1. a perceptible trace left by pressure one telltale sign that I had been napping was the print left by the chenille bedspread on my cheek
    Synonyms- of print impress, impression, imprint, stamp
    2. a picture created from an image recorded on a light sensitive surface by a camera
    we now get our prints developed online
    Synonyms- of print photo, pic, photograph, shot, snap, snapshot
    Words Related- to print blowup, close-up, enlargement, still telephoto daguerreotype, ferrotype, monochrome, sepia, tintype

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    nod off- Fall asleep    
    My grandfather often nods off in front of the television.
    put forward- Propose or recommend something
    The chairman put forward a new plan.
    take out- Extract from somewhere.    
    She took out a pen to note the address.

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Posted Date : 26-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs
    Never trouble troubles until troubles trouble you.
    Don't look for problems in advance; deal with them when they arise.
    One man's trash is another man's treasure.
    What is useless to one person could be valuable to another.
    Penny wise, pound foolish.
    Refers to a person who is careful about spending small amounts of money, but not careful about spending large amounts. 
    The best things in life are free.
    You don't have to pay for what is important: happiness, friendship, good health.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    run away- Escape from a place or suddenly leave    
    He ran away from home at the age of fourteen.
    stick out- Become noticeable    
    With that dress you'll really stick out!

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English

    used to / used to do
    Used to can be used as an adjective and we use it to talk about things that have become familiar, and are no longer strange or new.
    For example: "I am used to mistakes now."
    You can also be used to doing something.
    For example: "I am used to making mistakes now."
    More here
    Used to do - If we say something used to happen we are talking about repeated events and actions in the past, usually things that happened a long time ago and are now finished.
    For example: "I used to smoke."

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    anklington- Blend of the words 'ankle' and 'wellington'. A short wellington boot.  A wellington boot is a rubber boot worn in wet conditions.
    binge drinking- Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol in a short space of time, or drinking to get drunk.
    charticle- Blend of ‘chart’ and ‘article’. A news article that is composed primarily of a chart, image or graphics with just a brief text for additional information.

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Posted Date : 25-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    not cut out for something

    If you are not cut out for something, you are not the sort of person to succeed or be happy in a particular activity.
    I started studying medicine but I quickly realized I wasn't cut out for it.
    in essence
    The term 'in essence' means 'basically', fundamentally' or 'essentially', and refers to the most important or essential facts.
    In essence, lightning is a great big spark of electricity.
    free ride
    Someone who gets a free ride benefits from a collective activity without participating in it.
    Only those who share the work can share the benefits - nobody gets a free ride!
    go pear-shaped
    If a plan or project goes pear-shaped, it either goes wrong or it produces an undesirable result.
    Jane organized a treasure hunt in the park for the kids but it all went pear-shaped and everyone was disappointed.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    go out-    Leave one's home to attend a social event.    
    Many young people go out a lot.
    pay back- Reimburse    
    I will lend you 20€ provided you pay me back before the end of the week.
    slip up-    Make a mistake    
    You slipped up there! His name is Alex, not Alan!

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    kindness (noun)

    1. an act of kind assistance what a kindness to allow us to use your car for the funeral
    Synonyms- of kindness benevolence, boon, courtesy, grace, indulgence, favor, mercy, service, turn
    Near Antonyms- of kindness
    hindrance, hurdle, impediment, interference, obstacle
    2. the capacity for feeling for another's unhappiness or misfortune out of the kindness of your heart, would you at least consider adopting this stray cat?
    Synonyms- of kindness bigheartedness, charity, commiseration, compassion, feeling, good-heartedness, humanity, kindheartedness, kindliness, heart, largeheartedness, mercy, pity, ruth, softheartedness, sympathy, warmheartedness
    Near Antonyms- of kindness callousness, coldness, disinterest, indifference, unconcern cruelty, harshness animosity, antipathy, dislike, hatred, hostility
    Antonyms- of kindness coldheartedness, hard-heartedness, inhumanity, inhumanness, mercilessness, pitilessness
    3. sympathetic concern for the well-being of others with touching kindness, the couple offered the stranded tourists a place to stay for the night
    Synonyms- of kindness beneficence, benevolence, benignity, compassionateness, good heartedness, humaneness, kindheartedness, kindliness, benignancy, softheartedness, tenderheartedness, tenderness, warmheartedness
    Near Antonyms- of kindness mercilessness, pitilessness, ruthlessness inconsiderateness, insensitivity, thoughtlessness grimness, harshness, severity, sternness, toughness hatefulness, malevolence, maliciousness, meanness, spitefulness, virulence, vitriol
    Antonyms- of kindnessbarbarity, barbarousness, bestiality, brutality, brutishness, callousness, cold-bloodedness, cruelty, hard-heartedness, heartlesness, inhumanity, insensateness, savageness, savagery, unfeelinness, unkindliness, unkindness

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Posted Date : 24-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    lull before the storm

    A period of unnatural calm before a difficult time or violent activity is called the lull before the storm. 
    The sales start on January 1st. The quiet period before that is just the lull before the storm.
    make blood boil
    If something makes your blood boil, it makes you really angry.
    His condescending attitude made my blood boil!
    name (written) on it
    If something has someone's name (written) on it, it is intended for that person or it is ideally suited to them.
    "That dress would be perfect for you - it's got your name on it!"
    off the peg
    Clothes that are bought off the peg are purchased in a standard size in a shop and are not made specially for you.
    "He can't afford to have his suits made to measure so he buys them off the peg."

    Tongue Twister
    'Fuzzy wuzzy was a bear. Fuzzy wuzzy had no hair. Fuzzy wuzzy wasn't very fuzzy, was he?'
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    indifference (noun)

    lack of interest or concern an alarming indifference toward the well-being of his own children
    Synonyms- of indifference apathy, casualness, complacence, disinterestedness, disregard, incuriosity, incuriousness, insouciance, nonchalance, torpor, unconcern
    Words Related- to indifference halfheartedness, lukewarmness, tepidity, tepidness carelessness, heedlessness, recklessness, unawareness lethargy, listlessness aloofness, coldness, cool, detachment, dispassion callosity, callousness, hard-heartedness, hardness, insensitivity bloodlessness, impassiveness, impassivity, phlegm, stoicism, stolidity
    Near Antonyms- of indifference attention, attentiveness, awareness, conscientiousness, curiosity, heedfulness, keenness sensitivity, warmheartedness bias, partiality, prejudice ardor, desire, fervency, passion, vehemence, warmth, zeal
    Antonyms- of indifference concern, interest, regard

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    hurry up- Be quick / act speedily    
    Hurry up! We'll miss the bus!
    put back- Replace, return to its proper place    
    Put it back on the shelf please.

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Posted Date : 23-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    go through the motions
    If someone goes through the motions, they do something because they have to, but without enthusiasm.
    After his wife died, he tried to continue life as before, but he just went through the motions.

    up to the hilt
    When someone does something (up) to the hilt, they do it completely, fully or to the maximum degree.
    He was involved in the conspiracy to the hilt.
    just off the boat
    A person who is just off the boat is naive and lacks experience.
    How do you expect me to work with a trainee who's just off the boat!

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    break out- Start suddenly and spread quickly.
    Rioting broke out as a result of the strike.
    check in- Register at a hotel or airport.    
    For security reasons, you have to check in two hours before your flight.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English

    practice/ practise
    Practice is a noun*
    For example: We need to put these ideas into practice.
    Practise is a verb*
    For example: To learn English well you have to practise.
    *This is only the case in British English (BrE), in America (AmE) they tend to just use practice.
    Note - These two words sound the same.
    Often in British English you will see the noun form ends in ...ice and the verb form ends in ...ise.
    scared / scary
    Scared is an adjective used to describe a person or maybe an animal that is frightened or worried.
    For example: "Hirantha was too scared to go white water kayaking in Sri Lanka."
    Scary (scarey) is an adjective used to describe something or someone that causes fear or terror.
    For example: "The horror movie was really scary."
    Note - Just remember "I'm scared of scary things, but I'm not scary."

    Tongue Twister
    Real rock wall, real rock wall, real rock wall
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 22-Dec-2017
  • Sweden is moving to change its rape law to shift the burden of proof from the claimant to the alleged attacker, in a proposal that would require people to obtain explicit consent before sexual contact.
    Isabella Lovin, the deputy prime minister, said the recent #metoo anti-harassment campaign had shown the need for the new legislation, which is expected to be approved by parliament on Thursday.
    Under current Swedish law, someone can be prosecuted for rape only if it is proven that they used threats or violence. Under the proposal, rape could be proven if the claimant did not give his or her explicit verbal agreement or clearly demonstrate a desire to engage in sexual activity.
    Stefan Lofven, the prime minister, said the "historic reform", which his coalition has been preparing since taking power in 2014, aims to shift the burden of proof from the claimant in a rape or sexual assault case to the alleged attacker.
    Addressing victims, he said: "Society is standing by your side."
    If the bill is approved, it would go into effect on 1 July.
    The proposal is part of a series of initiatives being put forward. Others would make it illegal for Swedes to hire prostitutes abroad and increase sentences for offenders. Buying sex in Sweden is already illegal.

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Posted Date : 22-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs
    Constant occupation prevents temptation.
    When you are busy working, you avoid temptation
    (A) drop of ink may make a million think.
    A thought expressed in writing (perhaps published in a newspaper) can influence a large number of people.
    Kindness begets kindness.
    If you are kind to someone, they will return your kindness.
    Little strokes fell good oaks
    If you divide a task into small parts, it become easier to do.
    Spare the rod and spoil the child
    If you don't punish a child when he does wrong, you will spoil his character.
    Time and tide wait for no man
    Delaying a decision will not prevent events from taking place.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Bromance- Blend of 'brother' and 'romance'.
    A close non-sexual relationship between two men
    Catfish - A person who sets up a false profile on a social networking site  in order to deceive others or for fraudulent purposes.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    brand (noun)

    1. a device (as a word) identifying the maker of a piece of merchandise and legally reserved for the exclusive use of that person or company
    a company that was sued for using a name that was very similar to a rival's brand
    Synonyms- of brand, trademark
    Words Related- to brand brand name, trade name collective mark, emblem, hallmark, imprint, label, logo, mark, service mark, stamp copyright, patent
    2. a mark of guilt or disgrace always felt that her shabby clothes showed the brand of poverty
    Synonyms- of brand blot, stain, onus, slur, smirch, smudge, spot, stigma, taint
    Words Related- to brand black eye, discredit, disesteem, disgrace, dishonor, disrepute, guilt, ignominy, infamy, obloquy, odium, opprobrium, reproach, shame corruption, debauchery, depravity, immorality, iniquity, licentiousness, sin, unscrupulousness, vice
    Near Antonyms- of brand award, credit, honor chasteness, chastity, modesty, purity, stainles ness good, right honesty, integrity, legitimacy, probity, rectitude, scrupulousness, uprightness goodness, righteousness, virtuousness fame, glory, renown, repute
    3. a hand weapon with a length of metal sharpened on one or both sides and usually tapered to a sharp point on the battlefield lies our hero, slain by some fell brand
    Synonyms- of brand blade, sword, steel
    Words Related- to brand broadsword, cutlass, rapier, saber (or sabre), scimitar, smallsword

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Posted Date : 21-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    claw one's way back

    In a situation which has deteriorated, if you claw your way back, you gradually regain your former position through determination, energy and hard work.
    After a serious accident, the Olympic champion clawed his way back to the top, to the admiration of all.
    dream ticket
    If you refer to two people as a dream ticket, you think they would work well together and be successful.
    Two world champions teaming up for the children's fund-raising project would be a dream ticket.
    easy does it!
    You can 'easy does it!' when you want something to be done slowly and carefully.
    "Easy does it" said my husband as the sofa was carried through the hall door. 

    VOCABULARY
    Transport & Travel

    Word         Meaning
    motorway    Wide road for fast-moving 
        traffic.
    off-peak    A time period that is less busy         (and tickets are usually 
        cheaper).
    overhead     Storage space above the seats    locker     on a plane for hand luggage.    

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    fabric (noun)

    1. a woven or knitted material (as of cotton or nylon) 
    “a fabric that is supposed to repel rain while at the same time allowing the wearer's perspiration to escape”
    Synonyms- fabric, textile
    Related Words- fiber, thread, yarn; rag
    2. the arrangement of parts that gives something its basic form <you can't expect the fabric of society to survive if you do away with all moral imperatives>
    Synonyms- architecture, armature, cadre, configuration, edifice, fabric, framework, framing, infrastructure, shell, skeleton, structure
    Related Words- cage, lattice, network; contour, figure, outline, profile, shape, silhouette; chassis.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    dig into- 1) Try to find deep inside something.
    2) Start to do something.
    3) Take from something.    
    1) He dug into his pocket and found a coin.
    2) It was time to dig into the work that had accumulated on her desk.
    3) Dad had to dig into his savings to repair the
     roof.

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Posted Date : 20-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    kick yourself

    If you feel like kicking yourself, you are angry with yourself for something you have or have not done.
    I could have kicked myself for forgetting Emily's birthday.
    laugh off
    When you laugh about something that has upset or hurt you, to make it seem less important or to try to show that you do not care, you laugh it off.
    She overheard her colleague's critical remark, but she laughed it off.
    make no bones about something
    If you make no bones about something, you don't hesitate to say something in a frank and open way.
    I made no bones about it.   I told him his offer was unacceptable.
    name is mud
    To say that a person's name is mud means that they have acquired a bad reputation because of something they have done or said.
    "The mayor's name is mud now after the revelations in the newspaper."

    Tongue Twister
    Real rock wall, real rock wall, real rock wall.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English

    stick/ sticker
    Stick is a verb or a noun.
    As a noun it usually describes a thin piece of wood that has fallen or been cut from a tree.
    For example: Walk softly and carry a big stick.
    As a verb it can mean to push a sharp or pointed object into or through (something), or to fasten or cause to adhere something to something else.
    For example: Our boss often sticks notes onto the notice board.
    Sticker as a noun is used to describe an adhesive label or notice, generally printed or illustrated.
    For example: A lot of children collect stickers printed with cartoon characters that they keep in a sticker book.
    So, I guess you can stick a sticker on a stick.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    tear up- Rip into pieces     
    Tear up the boxes before you put them in the bin.
    wear out- 1) Become unusable, 2) Become very tired    
    1) Julie wore out her shoes sightseeing. 2) At the end of the day Julie was worn out.

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Posted Date : 19-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs 
    Kindle not a fire you cannot put out
    Do not start something that you cannot control; you may fail or cause damage.
    Nothing ventured nothing gained.    
    You cannot expect to achieve anything if you take no risks.
    One father is (worth) more than a hundred schoolmasters.
    A teacher cannot replace a father. A child is raised by a father and taught by a teacher.
    Prevention is better than cure.
    It is easier to prevent something from happening than to repair the damage or cure the disease later.
    Tall oaks grow from little acorns.    Great things may come from small beginnings.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Baggravation- Blend of the words 'bag' and 'aggravation'. A feeling of annoyance and frustration at the airport when your baggage has not arrived but the other passengers' bags have.
    Catfish - A person who sets up a false profile on a social networking site  in order to deceive others or for fraudulent purposes.
    Flash mob- A crowd that gathers in a pre-determined place, performs an action then disperses very quickly. The mob is not told exactly what to do until just before the event.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English

    a lot / alot / allot
    A lot, meaning a large amount or number of people or things, can be used to modify a noun.
    For example:- "I need a lot of time to develop this web site."
    It can also be used as an adverb, meaning very much or very often.
    For example:- "I look a lot like my sister."
    It has become a common term in speech; and is increasingly used in writing.
    Allot is a verb, which means to give (especially a share of something) for a particular purpose:-
    For example: "We were allotted a desk each."
    Note - Alot does not exist! There is no such word in the English language. If you write it this way - imagine me shouting at you - "No Such Word!"

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    dig up- 1) Break up the soil/remove by digging. 2) Discover or reveal information.
    1) He tried to dig up the tree by its roots.
    2) Some newspapers often try to dig up  scandalous information.
    pull through- Overcome difficulties or illness
    My grandmother caught pneumonia but she pulled through

     

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Posted Date : 18-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    (of) no fixed abode

    A person of no fixed abode has nowhere permanent to live.
    A 30-year-old man of no fixed abode was charged with the burglary.
    back to square one
    To say that someone is back to square one means that they have not succeeded in what they were trying to do, so they have to start again.
    When the plans were refused, it was 'back to square one' for the architect.
    calculated risk
    A calculated risk is a risk taken with full knowledge of the dangers involved.
    The company took a calculated risk when they hired Sean straight out of college.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    fill out-    Complete (a form/application)    
    Please fill out the enclosed form and send it back as soon as possible.
    give in- Accept defeat; surrender    
    The authorities refused to give in to the demands of the population.
    look for- Try to find something    
    Jane went shopping to look for a pair of shoes.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    finance ( verb)

    1. to provide money for 
    “a local business kindly financed the high school band's trip to New York City”
    Synonyms- bankroll, capitalize, endow, fund, stake, subsidize, underwrite
    Related Words- grubstake; cofinance, refinance; advocate, aid, back, champion, endorse (also indorse), patronize, sponsor, support; maintain, nourish, provide (for); clear, defray, discharge, foot, liquidate, pay, pay off, pay up, quit, recompense, settle, spring (for), stand; refund
    Antonyms- defund
    2. to furnish (as an institution) with a regular source of income 
    “ established a fund to finance a visiting lecturer position at the local college”
    Synonyms- finance, fund, subsidize
    Related Words- establish, found, organize; bequeath, contribute, donate, subscribe, support, underwrite; award, grant; back, promote, sponsor; capitalize, invest (in)
    Near Antonyms- draw, receive; subsist
    Antonyms- defund, disendow

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Chatroom- Areas on the internet where people can communicate by exchanging typed messages.
    Trolling- Being provocatively rude or insulting on the Internet in order to cause anger or conflict in an online community such as a blog, chat room or discussion forum.
    Spinnish- The language used by spin doctors, spokes-persons, campaign managers, etc. when trying to present information in a favourable light.

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Posted Date : 16-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs
    (The) best things in life are free.
    You don't have to pay for what is important: happiness, friendship, good health.
    (A) constant guest is never welcome.    
    If you come to visit too often, your host will be less pleased to see you.
    Dead men tell no lies.    
    A dead person cannot cause difficulties by revealing something that it would be preferable to conceal.
    (An) Englishman's  home is his castle.    
    An Englishman's home is a place where he feels safe, enjoys privacy and can do as he wishes.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    rig out- Dress or equip    
    The old lady arrived all rigged out in her best clothes.
    turn away- Refuse entrance to someone
    Hundreds of fans were turned away from the football stadium.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English

    career (n)/ carrier (n)/ courier (n)
    Career as a noun is used to describe the job or series of jobs you do during your working life, especially if you continue to get better jobs and earn more money.
    For example: "I never imagined I would end up with a career in teaching."
    Carrier is a noun, it can mean person or thing that carries something, or someone who does not suffer from a disease but has the infection can give it to someone else.
    For example: "Australians voted British Airways, their least favourite carrier for flights to the UK."
    A courier is someone who carries important messages, packages or documents for someone else.
    For example: "The United Parcel Service (UPS) is the largest courier service in the world."

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    anklington-Blend of the words 'ankle' and 'wellington'. A short wellington boot.  A wellington boot is a rubber boot worn in wet conditions.
    bitcoin- Bitcoin is both a cryptocurrency and an electronic payment system. It allows people to send or receive money across the Internet without going through a financial institution.
    citizen journalism- News collected and reported by ordinary people, especially through the use of blog software.

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Posted Date : 15-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    icing on the cake

    If something is referred to as icing on the cake, it is an extra benefit that makes a good situation even better.
    Good news!  I get the job ... and the icing on the cake is that I get a company car too!
    loose end
    A person who is at a loose end has some spare time, and feels quite bored by having nothing in particular to do.
    When the meeting was cancelled at the last minute, Julie unexpectedly found herself at a loose end. 
    my way or highway
    If you say to someone 'it's my way or the highway', you are telling them that either they accept to do as you say or they leave the project.
    You don't have much choice when someone says: 'it's my way or the highway.'!

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    get off-    1) Leave (bus, train, plane). 2) Remove from something.
    1) Get off the bus at Trafalgar Square. 2) She's trying to get off the stain.
    line up-    Stand in a row.    
    The books were lined up neatly on the shelves.
    stick to- Continue without changing anything
    We must decide on a plan of action and stick to it.
    trade in- Give as part payment for a new article.
    I traded in my car for a new mode

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    care (noun)

    1. strict attentiveness to what one is doing “reading the report with more care the second time, she detected several errors”
    Synonyms- carefulness, closeness, conscientiousness, heed, heedfulness, meticulosity, meticulousness, pains, scrupulousness
    Near Antonym-s inadvertence, inadvertency, inattention, inobservance
    Antonyms- heedlessness, inattentiveness, negligence
    2, attention accompanied by protectiveness and responsibility “that's an extremely valuable violin, so handle it with care”
    Synonyms -carefulness, lovingness, solicitousness, solicitude
    Near Antonyms- inconsiderateness, inconsideration, thoughtlessness, unconcern, unkindness
    Antonyms- carelessness
    3. a close attentiveness to avoiding danger 'take care while crossing the street'
    Synonyms- alertness, caution, carefulness, cautiousness, chariness, circumspection, gingerliness, guardedness, heedfulness, prudence, wariness
    Near Antonyms- abruptness, hastiness, impetuousness, precipitousness, rashness, suddenness; inconsiderateness, inconsideration, thoughtlessness
    4. an uneasy state of mind usually over the possibility of an anticipated misfortune or trouble “on vacation, without a care in the world”
    Synonyms- agita, agitation, anxiousness, apprehension, apprehensiveness, anxiety, concern, concernment, disquiet, disquietude, fear, nervosity, nervousness, perturbation, solicitude, sweat, unease, uneasiness, worry.
    Near Antonyms- calm, calmness, content, contentment, ease, easiness, peace, peacefulness, placidity, placidness, quiet, quietude, sereneness, serenity, tranquillity (or tranquility), tranquilness; comfort, consolation, relief, solace
    Antonyms- unconcern

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Posted Date : 14-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    cough up

    If you have to cough up something, such as money or information,  you give it reluctantly or unwillingly.
    He refused to say who attacked him until his father made him cough up the names.
    dive in headfirst
    If you begin something enthusiastically, without thinking about the possible consequences, you dive in headfirst.
    Tony accepted the project without realizing the time it would take; he always dives in headfirst!
    exception proves the rule
    If something is different from a general belief or theory, it shows that the belief or theory is true. 
    Most teenagers love fast food, but Ben is the exception that proves the rule - he's the only one of our children who insists on healthy food!
    hard up
    If you are hard up, you have very little money.
    We were so hard up that we had to sleep in the car. 

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    carry out- 1) Do something as specified (plan, order, threat...) 2) Perform or conduct (test, experiment ...)    
    1) The plan was carried out to perfection.
    2) Tests are carried out to determine the efficiency of a new drug.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    delight (noun)

    1. a source of great satisfaction. the opportunity for travel was one of the major delights of the couple's golden years
    Synonyms- of delight delectation, feast, gas [slang], joy, kick, manna, pleasure, treat
    2. someone or something that provides amusement or enjoyment. with his great sense of humor and bubbly personality, he is a delight to be around
    Synonyms- of delight fun, distraction, diversion, divertissement, entertainment, pleasure, recreation
    Near Antonyms- of delight killjoy, party pooper
    Antonyms- of delight bore, bummer, downer, drag
    3. the feeling experienced when one's wishes are met we were filled with delight at the sight of everyone in the family together at last for the holidays
    Synonyms- of delight content, contentedness, contentment, delectation, pleasure, enjoyment, gladness, gratification, happiness, relish, satisfaction
    Near Antonyms- of delight misery, sadness, unhappiness, wretchedness anguish, desolation, joylessness, sorrow, woe dejection, depression, despondency, dispiritedness, gloom, melancholy aggravation, annoyance, exasperation, irritation, pique, vexation anger, fury, rage agitation, distress, disturbance, upset discomfort, restlessness, uneasiness
    Antonyms- of delight discontent, discontentedness, discontentment, displeasure, dissatisfa tion, unhappiness 

    Tongue Twister
    Whether the weather is warm, whether the weather is hot, we have to put up with the weather, whether we like it or not.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 13-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs
    Ask me no questions, I'll tell you no lies
    There are subjects one would rather not discuss.
    It's no use crying over spilt milk
    Don't express regret for something that has happened and cannot be remedied.
    Great minds think alike.
    Intelligent people very often have the same idea at the same time.
    Haste makes waste
    If something is done too quickly, it may be done carelessly and need to be redon
    Might as well be hanged for a sheep as (for) a lamb
    If the penalty is going to be same, you might as well commit the greater offence.
    The best things in life are free
    You don't have to pay for what is important: happiness, friendship, good health.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    show off- Brag or want to be admired    
    There's David showing off in his new sports car
    get in- Enter    
    How did the burglar get in?

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    relieve (verb)

    1. to make more bearable or less severe an ice pack will relieve the swelling
    Synonyms- of relieve allay, alleviate, assuage, ease, mitigate, mollify, palliate, help, soothe
    Words Related - relieve abate, lighten, moderate, soften, temper cure, heal, remedy amend, correct, emend, fix, mend, rectify, reform, repair ameliorate, better, enhance, enrich, improve, meliorate, perfect, refine
    Near Antonyms- of relieve harm, hurt, impair, injure heighten, intensify, sharpen
    Antonyms- of relieve aggravate, exacerbate
    2. to set (a person or thing) free of something that encumbers
    the bellhop relieved him of his luggage and led him to the elevator
    Synonyms- of relieve clear, disburden, disencumber, divest, free, rid, unburden
    Words Related - relieve discharge, emancipate, enfranchise, liberate, loose, loosen, manumit, release, spring, unbind, uncage, unchain, unfetter bail (out), deliver, redeem, rescue disengage, disentangle, extricate
    Near Antonyms- of relieve bog (down), fetter, hamper, restrain, shackle, subject, weigh down, weight (down)
    Antonyms- of relieve burden, encumber, saddle
    3. to take the place of at daybreak a soldier arrived to relieve the one who had spent the night on guard duty
    Synonyms- of relieve cut out, displace, displant, replace, substitute, supersede, supplant.

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Posted Date : 12-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    chew the fat

    If you chew the fat with somebody, you chat in an informal way about unimportant things.
    It's amazing the amount of time my grandparents can spend chewing the fat with their neighbours.
    do a good turn
    If you do someone a good turn, you act in a  helpful way.
    Mike is a great guy - always ready to do a good turn.
    loan shark
    A loan shark is a person who lends money at extremely high interest rates to people who are unable to obtain a loan from the bank.
    The young immigrant was beaten because he was late paying back money to a loan shark.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    scrape up- Manage to find or collect enough of something you need, usually money    
    We finally scraped together enough money to buy an old car.
    touch down- Land on the runway    
    The plane touched down exactly on time.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English
    warn / worn

    Warn is a verb that means to inform someone in advance of an impending or possible danger, problem, or other unpleasant situation.
    For example: I often warn people not to give out too much personal information on the net.
    Worn is an adjective that is used to describe something affected by wear or damaged by long use. It is often paired with out as in worn-out which means damaged or shabby to the point being useless.
    For example: He was wearing worn, shapeless shoes.
    This headline from the BBC uses both words: Experts warn of 'epidemic' of worn-out heart valves.
    Note - Worn is also the past participle of to wear.

    VOCABULARY
    Employment

    Word         Meaning
    interview    Oral examination of a candi            date for employment.

    maternity     leave    Period of absence for             a female employee when 
            having a baby.

    notice        Advance warning of intention             to leave one's job - to give or             hand in one's resignation.

     

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Posted Date : 11-Dec-2017
  •  Chetan Bhagat

    Last September, Rahul Gandhi addressed Indians in New York. Before he took the stage, Sam Pitroda, a longstanding Gandhi family adviser-friend-loyalist said, “We don’t need advice for Rahul Gandhi.”
    There you go. The incoming Congress president doesn’t need advice. After all, he seems to be having a comeback moment. His recent tweets have trended and, unlike the past, not for the wrong reasons. Rahul has also managed some traction in Gujarat. While most believe a Congress win is unlikely, one major opinion poll predicted a neck-and-neck race. Fine, no advice wanted or needed here I guess.
    But what about the BJP? Do they care about advice? Or they don’t need it either, as they have Narendra Modi, the vote magnet? Can they entertain the thought that they might be doing some things wrong?
    I hope they do. Because while a major BJP defeat may be a while away, seeds of a political upset are being sown right now. The BJP has not been immune to hubris that often comes with power. Rahul’s perceived limited competence has added to this complacency. Who else would Indians vote for anyway?
    However, some shifts are visible. Pappu jokes have reduced. The media is not as dismissive of Rahul either. What’s happening?
    In UPA-II, the defining image of Sonia Gandhi and Suresh Kalmadi laughing hard at a private joke in the AICC convention, during the height of the CWG scam, sealed the fate of the Congress. It signalled that not only was the party mired in corruption, it just didn’t care. We all know what happened then.
    For the BJP, the vice is not corruption, at least not at levels to get Indians agitated. The BJP’s vices are what they have always been — its love for fundamentalism and using authoritarianism against those who oppose this. For no matter how many Obamas its leaders meet or global investor conferences they host, the BJP can’t help but expose its two ugly traits. Despite quoting Moody’s and World Bank, the party’s support for regressive Hindu voices is unsettling for neo-BJP voters who came on board the Modi-BJP bandwagon in 2014 for the sake of development. While BJP’s support of fringe voices is not overt, the tacit silence on some recent events is unsettling. This, along with the tendency to browbeat opposing voices, creates unease in a number of Indians. While it may take a while for this unease to convert to a vote switch, the seeds seem to have been sown.
    Here are two specific examples of government action (or lack of action) that have created an atmosphere of unease that can eventually hurt the BJP.
    One, Padmavati. While it is just a song-and-dance movie, how the government handles this situation will determine how the Modi regime is judged. Legally, the filmmakers have done no wrong. Historically, there is no evidence of a clear, existing narrative on Padmavati, who might even be fictional. Which brings us to the only factor stalling the film: the sentiments of a section of the hardliner vote bank. Even those are questionable, because the film has not released yet. Sure, some might find the song-and-dance treatment of a story about a culturally respected character offensive. You have the right to condemn the film, but to prevent its release and threaten the filmmakers is plain wrong. It amounts to muzzling freedom. If the BJP supports a ban to pander to hardliners, it will not only be a black mark on Modi’s legacy but also add to voter unease.
    The second example is the handling of a relatively weak story against Jay Shah gaining business advantage after the 2014 elections. Top BJP leaders defended Jay Shah. Gag orders were obtained against writing on the issue, whereas the actual defence against the story was quite simple. Amit Shah had a fair amount of power even before 2014 when the BJP ruled Gujarat. Could he not have helped his son’s commodities trading business benefit then? This easy rebuttal would have been sufficient.
    We are already at a stage where major media houses have started applying self-censorship, particularly in reporting criticism at the top levels. Judicial overreach is at an all-time high as well. From forcing movie theatres to play and audiences to stand for the national anthem, to preventing media from reporting on an important case, it is all happening around us. The government isn’t directly responsible for all of this. However, people link this rising authoritarianism to the BJP. If Rahul is seen as more consensus-driven, less feared and more accommodating, he may attract not only media support but a section of voters too. These fencesitter voters, as 2014 showed us, are crucial.
    While Rahul is not an immediate threat, the BJP might do well to introspect. It isn’t always the strong opponent who scores and defeats you. Sometimes, self-goals can make people lose a match too.
    (https://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/The-underage-optimist/self-goals-a-bigger-threat-to-bjp-than-opponent-rahul/)

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