अंग्रेज़ी

Posted Date : 10-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    armchair traveller

    Someone who reads books or watches TV programmes about other places and countries, but doesn't actually travel anywhere, is called an armchair traveller.
     A surprising number of adventure books are bought by armchair travellers. 
    ball and chain
    This term refers to a burden or problem that ties you down and prevents you from doing what you want. It can also refer to one's spouse.
    chance one's arm
    If you chance your arm, you decide to do something even though there is little hope of success.
    Tony knew there was little hope of getting into Harvard but he decided to chance his arm anyway. 

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    move out- Leave your home/office for another one.
    My neighbour is leaving.  He's moving out next Saturday.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English
    close / shut

    As a verb, to shut can usually be replaced by to close.
    You can shut a door / window / suitcase, or you can close a door / window /suitcase.
    * The shops shut / close at 8 pm.
    * Mr Bean couldn't shut / close the suitcase.
    I say "usually" because if you're "shut out", it means you can't get in.
    If you use 'close' when you conclude something, you can't replace it with 'shut'.
    * We shall close the meeting at 4pm.
    The past tense of shut is shut, but the past tense of close is closed.
    Don't confuse the adjective closed with the past tense, closed: When someone shuts / closes a door, it becomes a closed door.
    In bad weather we don't shut airports or roads, we close them.
    You should close your mouth when you're eating, but if someone tells you to shut your mouth, you had better stop talking.
    As a person, if you shut up, you stop talking.
    As a business, if you close down, you stop trading.
    Case closed
    Note - Don't confuse the adjective close (as in near) and the verb "to close".

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  •  


Posted Date : 09-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs
    A single satisfactory event does not mean that all the others will be as good
    An onion a day keeps everyone away.
    A smooth sea never made a skilled mariner
    Overcoming adversity leads to competence.
    The proof of the pudding is in the eating
    The real value of something can be judged only after it has been tried or tested.
    Variety is the spice of life
    Doing a lot of different things makes life more interesting.
    A watched pot never boils
    If you wait anxiously for something to happen, it seems to take a long time.
    You are what you eat
    What you eat has an effect on your well-being.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    give up- 1) Stop doing something. 2) Stop trying to do something
    1) Sarah gave up smoking five years ago. 2) Have you found the answer? No, I give up.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    tragedy (noun)

    1. a sudden violent event that brings about great loss or destruction the earthquake was only the latest in a series of tragedies for the city
    Synonyms- of tragedy apocalypse, calamity, cataclysm, catastrophe, debacle (also débâcle), di aster
    Words Related- to tragedy bloodbath, collapse, crash, meltdown Armageddon, doomsday, end-time convulsion, paroxysm, upheaval accident, casualty, fatality misadventure, mischance, misfortune, mishap blast, blow, double whammy, one-two (or one-two punch)
    Near Antonyms- of tragedy godsend, manna, windfall
    2. bad luck or an example of this it's the tragedy of many great artists not to be recognized for their genius until after they're dead
    Synonyms- of tragedy adversity, ill, knock, mi adventure, mischance, mishap, misfortune
    Words Related- to tragedy calamity, cataclysm, catastrophe, disaster affliction, hardship, trial, tribulation, woe distress, misery, suffering, unhappiness defeat, failure, fizzle, nonsuccess curse, evil, sorrow, trouble accident, casualty blow, body blow, disappointment, letdown, setback circumstance, destiny, doom, fate, lot, portion
    Near Antonyms- of tragedy break, chance, fluke, godsend, hit, opportunity, strike, stroke, windfall accomplishment, achievement, success
    Antonyms- of tragedy fortune, luck, serendipity

     

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Posted Date : 08-Dec-2017
  • Idiom 
    away with the fairies

    Someone who is away with the fairies is in such a dreamy state that they are not totally in touch with reality and give the impression of being slightly mad.
    It's no use trying to explain the problem to her - she's away with the fairies! 
    battle of wills
    A conflict, argument or struggle where both sides are determined to win is described as a battle of wills.
    When they separated, neither party would make concessions - it was a battle of wills.
    cross that bridge when we come to it
    This is another way of saying 'we will deal with that problem when it occurs and not worry about it before'.
    "What will happen if we can't repay the loan?"
    "We'll cross that bridge when we come to it."

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Audiophile- Person who loves and collects high-quality audio equipment.
    E-cruitment- Online recruitment of employees, including online submission  of resumes and cover letters.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    massage / message

    To massage as a verb means to rub and press someone's body with regular repeated movements, in order to relax them or to reduce stiffness or pain in their joints. As a noun it is the activity of rubbing or pressing parts of someone's body in order to make them relax or to stop their muscles hurting.
    For example: "I need a sports massage to help my aching back."
    A message is a short piece of information that you give to a person when you cannot speak to them directly.
    For example: "Could I leave a message for Mr Brown?"

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    go through- Experience.
    Pete went through a lot of pain after the accident.
    opt out- Leave a system or decide not to participate    
    I enjoy tennis but I'm so busy I had to opt out of the tournament.

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Posted Date : 07-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs
    (A) man is as old as he feels himself to be
    Your age doesn't matter as long as you are fit and healthy.
    Needs must when the devil drives
    Sometimes you are compelled to do something that you would rather not do.
    Pity is akin to love
    If you begin to feel sorry for someone, you may start to love them.
    The best advice is found on the pillow
    A good night's sleep may help us find an answer to our problem.
    Waste not, want not
    If you never waste anything, you will have is when you need it.

    Tongue Twister
    I'll chew and chew until my jaws drop.
    Plymouth sleuths thwart Luther's slithering.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)
    I'll chew and chew until my jaws drop.
    Plymouth sleuths thwart Luther's slithering.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    wander /wonder

    Wander (v) means to travel aimlessly.
    For example: "I often wander through the woods, it helps me think."
    Wonder (v) means to consider or question some issue.
    For example: "People often wonder whether I really run this website alone ."
    Wonder (n) means the feeling aroused by something strange and surprising.
    For example: "The pyramids are a wonder to behold."

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    stand up-Rise from a sitting position    
    The pupils stood up when the headmaster arrived
    veer away- from Avoid, stay away from
    I veer away from hypochondriacs if I can.

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Posted Date : 06-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    larger than life

    A person who is larger than life attracts special attention because they are very impressive or unusually remarkable in their appearance, behaviour or personality.
    He was a larger-then-life character, both onstage and behind the scene.
    make a point of
    If you make a point of doing something, you make an effort to do what you think is the right thing to do.
    The singer made a point of thanking the musicians and the technicians.
    at odds
    If one person is at odds with another, they disagree with each other.
    "Sam is at odds with his father over the purchase of a new tractor."

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Laymanise/laymanize-To simplify technical information so that it can be understood by ordinary people or non-specialists

    Pig ear Pig's ear= Pieces of metal fixed to the edge of low walls, ledges, benches, steps etc. in urban areas to prevent skateboarders from sliding or jumping on them. These are also called “skateboard deterrents” or “skatestoppers

    Sandwich generation-    A generation of middle-aged people who have to care both for their  children and their elderly parents

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    blame (noun)

    1. responsibility for wrongdoing or failure willingly accepted the blame for not seeing that the kitchen was properly cleaned
    Synonyms- of blame culpability, fault, guilt, onus, rap
    Words Related- to blame blameworthiness, complicity, guiltiness, sinfulness accusation, censure, condemnation, denunciation, finger-pointing, reproach regret, remorse, self-reproach, shame
    Antonyms- of blame blamelessness, faultlessness, guiltlessness, innocence
    2. the state of being held as the cause of something that needs to be set right blame for the school's poor performance in standardized tests was attributed to several factors
    Synonyms- of blame responsibility, fault, liability
    Words Related- to blame accountability, answerability

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    frown on/upon- Disapprove    
    My parents always frowned on smoking.
    take out-- Cause to dissapear.    
    This should take out the stain.
    get on- Board (bus, train, plane)    
    You can pay when you get on the bus.

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Posted Date : 05-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    (like the) back of one's hand

    If you know something like the back of your hand, you are very familiar with it and know it in detail.
    Of course I won't get lost.  I know London like the back of my hand!
    cat in hell's chance
    To say that there is not a cat in hell's chance of someone doing or achieving something means that there is no chance at all.
    Because of the blizzard, the pilot didn't have a cat in hell's chance of landing safely.
    put a damper on
    If someone or something puts a damper on a situation or event, they make it less successful or enjoyable.
    The party was going great until the neighbour's complaints put a damper on it.

    ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Environment
    Word         Meaning
    Carbon     dioxide is a greenhouse gas that     contributes to global waring.
    insecticide    A pesticide compound used to kill     or prevent the growth of insects.
    methane    An odourless, colourless,             flammable gas formed when         organic matter decomposes.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English
    astrology /  astronomy

    Astrology (n) The study of the movements and positions of the sun, moon, planets and stars, and the skill of describing the expected effect that some people believe these have on the character and behaviour of humans.
    For example: I always look at my horoscope in the newspaper, but I don't really believe in astrology.
    Astronomy (n) The scientific study of the universe and of objects which exist naturally in space, such as the moon, the sun, planets and stars.
    For example: The Sky at Night is a monthly television programme on astronomy produced by the BBC.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    look ahead- Think of the future    
    It's time to forget the past and look ahead.
    pull through- Overcome difficulties or illness
    My grandmother caught pneumonia but she pulled through.
    wear out- 1) Become unusable, 2) Become very tired    
    1) Julie wore out her shoes sightseeing. 2) At the end of the day Julie was worn out.

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Posted Date : 04-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    hitch one's wagon to a star

    Someone who hitches their wagon to a star has great ambitions and is very determined to reach their goal.
    At an early age she decided to hitch her wagon to a star and become famous.

    just desserts
    When someone gets their just desserts, they are rewarded or punished according to what they deserve.
    Liz got her just desserts when she was excluded from the committee. She is totally unreliable.
    kick the bucket
    To kick the bucket is a lighthearted way of talking about death.
    He will inherit when his grandfather kicks the bucket.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    make up- Invent (excuse, story)    
    Some employees make up excuses when they arrive late for work.
    ring back- Return a phone call  (Also: call back)
    John rang and asked if you could ring him back.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    adversity (noun)

    1. bad luck or an example of this many people came face-to-face with life-altering adversity when the stock market crashed
    Synonyms- of adversity misfortune, ill, knock, misadventure, mischance, mishap, tragedy
    Words Related- to adversity calamity, cataclysm, catastrophe, disaster affliction, hardship, trial, tribulation, woe distress, misery, suffering, unhappiness defeat, failure, fizzle, nonsuccess curse, evil, sorrow, trouble accident, casualty blow, body blow, disappointment, letdown, setback circumstance, destiny, doom, fate, lot, portion
    Near Antonyms- of adversity break, chance, fluke, godsend, hit, opportunity, strike, stroke, windfall accomplishment, achievement, success
    Antonyms- of adversity fortune, luck, serendipity
    2. something that is a cause for suffering or special effort especially in the attainment of a goal some overcame all the adversities of the Great Depression and rebuilt their fortunes
    Synonyms- of adversity difficulty, asperity, hardness, hardship, rigor
    Words Related- to adversity discomfort, inconvenience, nuisance affliction, trial, tribulation knock, misfortune, mishap, tragedy bar, catch, check, clog, crimp, embarrassment, handicap, hindrance, hitch, hurdle, impediment, interference, let, manacle, obstacle, obstruction, pons asinorum, rub, shackle, snag, stop, trammel block, chain, deterrent, encumbrance, fetter, inhibitio hump
    Near Antonyms- of adversity advantage, break, opportunity

     

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Posted Date : 03-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    in the bag

    People use this expression when it becomes obvious that success or victory is going to be achieved.
    An hour before the polling stations closed, victory seemed in the bag for the Conservative candidate.
    drop names
    When you drop names, you mention the names of famous people you know or have met in order to impress others.
    There goes Jack dropping names again.  People will get tired of listening to him!
    fur coat and no knickers
    A person who tries to appear distinguished but has no real class is referred to as 'fur coat and no knickers'.
    Don't let her impress you.  She's what we call  'fur coat and no knickers'!

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    head for- Go/move in a certain direction.
    The boat was heading for the rocks.
    knock out- Cause someone to fall unconscious.
    The boxer was knocked out in the first round.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English
    precede / proceed

    Precede is a verb that means to be or to go before something or someone in time or space.
    For example: Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes other human disturbance to coastal ecosystems.
    Proceed is a verb that means to continue as planned.
    For example: The government has decided not to proceed with the legislation.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH 
    Bashtag- A bashtag is a hashtag (#) that is used to make critical or abusive comments on social networking services such as Twitter
    Cyber cafe- A place which provides internet access to the public.
    Dench- Extremely attractive, fashionable, impressive, etc
    Gran-lit- Blend of 'granny' and 'literature'. Books that appeal more to older people.

    Tongue Twister
    Roofs of mushrooms rarely mush too much.
    If Stu chews shoes, should Stu choose the shoes he chews?
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 02-Dec-2017
  • Proverbs 
    Misery loves company

    When people are sad they often like others to feel sad too.
    Nothing ventured nothing gained.    
    You cannot expect to achieve anything if you take no risks.
    One father is (worth) more than a hundred schoolmasters.
    A teacher cannot replace a father. A child is raised by a father and taught by a teacher.
    Prevention is better than cure.
    It is easier to prevent something from happening than to repair the damage or cure the disease later.
    Tall oaks grow from little acorns.    Great things may come from small beginnings.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    dig up- 1) Break up the soil/remove by digging. 2) Discover or reveal information.
    1) He tried to dig up the tree by its roots.
    2) Some newspapers often try to dig up  scandalous information.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English

    to remember / to remind
    To remember  v. meaning to be able to bring back a piece of information into your mind, or to keep a piece of information in your memory.
    For example:- I remember when every home had clotheslines in the back yard or garden.
    To remind v. meaning to make someone aware of something they have forgotten or might have forgotten.
    For example:- Could you remind me to check the forum?
    Will you always remember me?
    Note - If you remind someone of something, then they'll remember it.
    If you want the dictionary definition, just double click on any word.
    driving test / test drive
    A driving test (also known as a driving exam) is a procedure designed to test a person's ability to drive a motor vehicle.
    For example:-
    Ash passed his driving test.
    A test drive is when you drive an automobile to assess it, usually before buying it.
    For example:-
    It's good fun going on a test drive.
    Note - This sentence might help you to remember:-
    You need to have passed your driving test in order to take a test drive.

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Posted Date : 01-Dec-2017
  •  Venktesh Shukla

    India went all out to welcome Ivanka Trump.  As if the pomp and show and the elaborate arrangements to showcase Hyderabad were not enough, the PM himself spent the best part of the day accompanying her. Unlike any other political figure India has known, this PM is strategic in the use of his time. His extended presence in Hyderabad signalled his perception of the importance of relationship with the Trump White House. PM has a talent for making people feel important and Ivanka was obviously impressed. The bonhomie between the two was striking. She went out of her way to applaud Modi for his statesmanship and his commitment to transform India into a great power.
    The geo-strategic value of this relationship is obvious. With a domineering China and a hostile Pakistan on its doorsteps, India needs US in its corner. US has equally good reasons to have a strong relationship with India. There is an overwhelming convergence of interests between the two countries from geopolitical standpoint.
    This reason alone would have been enough to explain the hard work India put in to make Ivanka feel important and welcome. 
    But does this visit mean anything for economic relations between the two countries? The answer is yes and no.
    In general, the US government plays a very little role in the decisions most US companies make. At the height of cold war, companies like Texas Instruments and GE moved into India without any interference from US government.  On the other hand, there has always been involvement of the US government in companies operating in the strategic sectors such as aerospace, defense and security.
    In sectors where US government has been historically involved,  the impact of a warm relationship with Trump White House is going to be significant.  Despite his America First doctrine, Trump has prioritised strategic and defence considerations over his nationalistic instincts. So long as a credible case can be made for cooperation with Indian companies in these sectors on strategic grounds,  the goodwill of White House will be critical in pushing those projects through. If big defence companies move to India or partner with Indian companies, a whole lot of related industries such as avionics will make similar moves.
    In other areas, the impact of a smooth relationship with White House is likely to be marginal at best. The most profitable sectors are those that tend to be innovation-driven : pharma, medical devices and semiconductors. None of these will be impacted by a warm relationship with White House. Pharma companies will continue to shy away from setting up huge R&D facilities or manufacturing facilities in India. The big medical device companies will continue to see India as a large market but hesitate to put any significant investment here. Companies like Apple and Intel will continue to make decisions that are optimal to their perceived self-interest.
    The Trump presidency has been one of the most active in trying to influence economic decisions by US companies. Trump has used his bully pulpit to name and shame companies that move jobs outside. Companies are afraid to get in his crosshairs and go out of their way to camouflage their decisions or window dress them.  In that sense, it has become yet another strategic constraint that US companies have to take in consideration in their economic decisions - the constraint not to attract Trump's ire. It is unclear, though, if it is making any fundamental difference to the broad trajectory of decisions that are taken primarily to optimize shareholder value.
    The relationship will make some difference at the edges. Perhaps the temporary visa regime will be less hostile to Indian interests but there are bigger impulses at work driving hostility to these policies and it is unclear that Trump will risk support from his base to benefit India.
    Nevertheless, the Ivanka visit is a triumph of Modi brand of diplomacy. India stands to win big by building a reservoir of goodwill among nations that matter in the world.
    (courtesy: businessworld.in )

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Posted Date : 01-Dec-2017
  • Idiom
    down to earth

    Someone who is down to earth is not a dreamer but a realistic and practical person who has sensible reactions and expectations.
    Don't ask Suzy for help.  She's fun, but not very down to earth.
    get a move on
    If someone tells you to get a move on, they are asking you to hurry up.
    You'd better get a move on or you'll miss the bus!
    half an eye
    If you have or keep half an eye on something, you watch it without giving it your full attention.
    She kept half an eye on the TV screen while she was preparing dinner.
    kangaroo court
    A kangaroo court is an illegal tribunal set up by a group of people who have taken the law into their own hands and conduct trials which deny fundamental justice.
    Calm down please!  Is this a meeting or a kangaroo court?

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    generation snowflake- A derisive reference to today’s teens and young adults (called ‘millennials’) who are viewed as being more easily offended and less resilient than previous generations. Generation Snowflake believe that it is their right to be protected from anything they might find unpalatable or makes them feel uncomfortable. 
    loom band- A small bracelet made from brightly-coloured rubber bands which are woven together in a variety of configurations.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    song (noun)

    1. a short musical composition for the human voice often with instrumental accompaniment 
    “she sang a little-known song for the talent show”
    Synonyms- ballad, ditty, jingle, lay, lyric, vocal
    2. a composition using rhythm and often rhyme to create a lyrical effect 
    “the songs of Shakespeare”
    Synonyms -lyric, rune, poem, verse
    3. a rhythmic series of musical tones arranged to give a pleasing effect
    “whistle a song as accompaniment to your work”
    Synonyms- air, lay, melody, strain, tune, warble
    4. a very small sum of money “developers bought the land for a song”
    Synonyms- chicken feed [slang], chump change, dime, hay, peanuts, pin money, pittance, shoestring, mite, two cents
    Near Antonyms- bankroll, capital, funds, means, wherewithal; opulence, pelf, riches, treasure, wealth; heap, pile, pot; bonanza, mine, treasure trove, treasury
    Antonyms- big buck(s), boodle, bundle, fortune, king's ransom, megabuck(s), mint, wad
    5. writing that uses rhythm, vivid language, and often rhyme to provoke an emotional response 
    “a hero honored in song and story”
    Synonyms- minstrelsy, poesy, poetry, verse
    Antonyms- prose

    Tongue Twister
    Send toast to ten tense stout saints' ten tall tents.
    Tom threw Tim three thumbtacks.
    Kitty caught the kitten in the kitchen.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 30-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    die is cast

    To say that the die is cast means that an irrevocable decision has been made that will determine the future.
    I've handed in my resignation, so now the die is cast!
    earn while you learn
    This expression refers to the possibility of earning a salary while in training.
    Become an apprentice and get paid while in training.  Earn while you learn!
    five o'clock shadow
    This expression refers to a patch of stubble on the face of a man who hasn't shaved for at least a day.
    He looked tired and had a five o'clock shadow. 

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    burn out- 1) Stop (something) working. 2) Become exhausted from overworking    
    1) The fuse has burnt out. 2) Tom will burn himself out if he doesn't  slow down.
    kneel down- Go down on your knees    
    Most people kneel down to pray.

    Common Mistakes and Confusing Words in English
    outgoing / going out

    Outgoing is an adjective that describes someone as friendly and sociable.
    For example:- He socialises a lot, he is a very outgoing person.
    Outgoing can also be used as an adjective to describe leaving a place, or leaving a job, having finished a period of time in it.
    For example: The outgoing president has left the country virtually bankrupt. (It doesn't mean the president was sociable, just that he is leaving.)
    Going out (from to go out) is a phrasal verb that means to leave a room or building, especially in order to do something for entertainment purposes.
    For example: We're going out tonight. Do you want to come with us?

    VOCABULARY
    Transport & Travel

    Word         Meaning
    luggage    Bags, suitcases, etc.
    motorway    Wide road for fast-moving traffic.
    off-peak    A time period that is less busy (and     tickets are usually cheaper).
    overhead     Storage space above the seats    locker     on a plane for hand luggage.    

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Posted Date : 29-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    (A) hungry wolf is fixed to no place.
    A desperate person will go from place to place when they need to satisfy their needs.
    If wishes were horses, then beggars would ride.
    If just wishing for something were enough to make it happen, then even the poorest of people would have everything they wanted. Wishing alone is not sufficient; you must act as well.
    Love is blind.
    A person in love does not see the faults of the person he/she loves.
    Nothing ventured nothing gained.
    You cannot expect to achieve anything if you take no risks.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    go through- Experience.
    Pete went through a lot of pain after the accident.
    hit back- Retaliate / reply to an attack
    When he was attacked, the boy hit back.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    prominent (adjective)

    1. likely to attract attentionan attorney who occupies a prominent position in the town's social hierarchy
    Synonyms -of prominent arresting, bodacious, bold, brilliant, catchy, commanding, conspicuous, dramatic, emphatic, eye-catching, flamboyant, grabby, kenspeckle [chiefly Scottish], marked, noisy, noticeable, pronounced, remarkable, showy, splashy, striking
    Near Antonyms- of prominentsubtleconcealed, hidden, shroudeddim, faint, obscureinsignificant, undistinguished, unimportantmodest, unaffected, unassuming, unpretentiousconservative, plain, quiet, simple, understatedmuted, restrained, subdued, subtle, toned-down, unflashy
    Antonyms- of prominent
    inconspicuous, unemphatic, unflamboyant, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, unremarkable, unshowy
    2. widely knownprominent figures in the history of sports
    Synonyms- of prominent
    big-name, celebrated, famed, noted, notorious, famous, renowned, star, visible, well-known
    Near Antonyms- of prominentinsignificant, unimportantinconspicuousundistinguished, unexceptionalunpopular
    Antonyms- of prominentanonymous, nameless, obscure, uncelebrated, unfamous, unknown, unsung

     

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Posted Date : 27-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    go off the deep end
    If a person goes off the deep end, they become so angry or upset that they cannot control their emotions.
    Eva will go off the deep end if her kids leave the kitchen in a mess again.
    hold good
    If something such as a statement, saying or theory holds good, it continues to be true, valid or applicable.
    The author's version of the event still holds good.
    keep wolf from door
    To keep the wolf from the door you need to have enough money to buy food and other basic essentials in order to survive.
    My grandparents earned barely enough money to keep the wolf from the door.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    live through- Experience something and survive    
    My grandparents lived through two wars.
    make out- fill in the details (e.g. cheque)    
    Just make out the cheque to our company.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    truth (noun)
     agreement with fact or reality there is no truth to the rumor that the couple is getting a divorce
    Synonyms- of truth
    facticity, factuality, sooth, trueness, verity
    Words Related- to truth accuracy, accurateness, actuality, authenticity, correctness credibility, honesty, trustability, trustiness, trustworthiness, truthfulness, veracity dependability, reliability
    Near Antonyms- of truth erroneousness, fallaciousness, fallacy falsehood, fiction, half-truth, lie impreciseness, imprecision, inaccuracy, incorrectness, inexactitude, inexactness deceit, dishonesty, equivocation, lying, mendaciousness, mendacity, prevarication, untruthfulness
    Antonyms- of truth falseness, falsity, untruth  

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    asbo- Anti-social behavior order. A civil order made against a person whose behaviour causes major disturbance to others (drunkenness, vandalism, etc.). The individuals concerned may be banned from a specified area.
    baggravation- Blend of the words 'bag' and 'aggravation'. A feeling of annoyance and frustration at the airport when your baggage has not arrived but the other passengers' bags have.
    docusoap- Blend of 'documentary' and 'soap'.(soap opera: sentimental TV serial)  A 'docusoap' is a reality television programme in the style of a documentary.

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Posted Date : 26-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    A broken friendship may be soldered but will never be sound.
    Friendships can be rebuilt after a dispute but will never be as strong as before.
    (The) best helping hand is at the end of your sleeve.
    The best way to get something done is to do it yourself.
    (A) constant guest is never welcome.
    If you come to visit too often, your host will be less pleased to see you
    (A) day of sorrow is longer than a month of joy.
    Times goes by very quickly when you are happy and very slowly when you are sad.
    Every man thinks his own geese swans.
    Everyone tends to rate their own children, possessions or achievements more highly than others do.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    get off- 1) Leave (bus, train, plane). 2) Remove from something.    
    1) Get off the bus at Trafalgar Square. 2) She's trying to get off the stain.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    reliable (adjective)

     worthy of one's trust I need a reliable car that's not going to break down constantly
    Synonyms- of reliable calculable, good, dependable, responsible, safe, secure, solid, steady, sure, tried, tried-and-true, true, trustable, trustworthy, trusty
    Near Antonyms- of reliable disloyal, faithless, false, fickle, inconstant, perfidious, recreant, tra torous, treacherous, unfaithful, untrue deceitful, dishonest, lying, mendacious, untruthful debatable, disputable, doubtable, doubtful, dubious, fishy, problematic (also problematical), questionable, shady, shaky, suspect, uncertain, unsound hazardous, risky unconfirmed, untried
    Antonyms- of reliable dodgy [chiefly British], uncertain, undependable, unreliable, unsafe, untrustworthy 

     ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Politics and Political Discussions

    Word        Meaning
    ballot/ballot 
    paper ballot box    A system of voting,             especially secret. To             vote by ballot.
            Paper or card marked             by a person who votes.        A box in which voters             deposit their market
             ballots.
    campaign        Planned activities in an         organised effort to win         an election.

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Posted Date : 25-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    cost an arm and a leg

    If something costs an arm and a leg, it is very expensive.
    The house cost us an arm and a leg, but we have no regrets.
    like the cat that ate the canary
    If, after an achievement or success, a person seems very self-satisfied or pleased with themselves, you can say that they look like the cat that ate the canary.
    When the boss complimented him on his work, Steve looked like the cat that ate the canary.
    hit the panic button
    When you hit or press the panic button, you raise the alarm too quickly or react too hastily in a difficult or stressful situation.
    Calm down! There's no need to hit the panic button yet!
    luck of the draw
    To refer to something that happens as the luck of the draw means that it is the result of pure chance, with no possibility of choice.
    The samples distributed varied in size and value; it was the luck of the draw.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English

    decision /  division
    Decision is a noun
    It can be used to describe a conclusion or resolution reached after consideration.
    For example:- There are many decisions we have to make before we choose a new word for this section of the website.
    It can also be used to describe the action or process of deciding something or of resolving a question
    For example: After a long discussion we made the decision to close the forum, because it had been badly spammed.
    Divison is also a noun with more than one meaning.
    It can describe the action of separating something into parts, or the process of being separated.
    For example:- The division of the country caused new problems.
    It is also used in mathematics.
    For example: In elementary maths division (÷ or /) is an arithmetic operation.

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Posted Date : 24-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs 
    One father is (worth) more than a hundred schoolmasters.
    A teacher cannot replace a father.
    A child is raised by a father and taught by a teacher.
    Put all your eggs in one basket.
    Risk everything by relying on one plan (e.g. by putting all one's money into one business).
    Revenge is sweet.
    There is satisfaction in returning an injury.
    Still waters run deep.
    A quiet person with a calm outward appearance can have much knowledge or wisdom
    The early bird catches the worm.    
    Act early, or before anyone else, if you want to have an advantage or be successful.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Hyperconnected- To be able to communicate and be instantly reachable through multiple devices with Internet connectivity (smartphones, laptops, tablets, etc.
    Oversharing- Providing too much information on the Internet (credit card details, personal information, etc.) especially through social network sites.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    oncentrate / concentrated

    The verb - When you concentrate you direct all your efforts towards a particular activity, subject or problem.
    For example: You need to concentrate harder when you listen to something in another language.
    The adjective - If something is concentrated it means it has had some liquid removed.
    For example: I prefer freshly squeezed orange juice to concentrated.
    Note- The simple past of "to concentrate" is "concentrated" this is where the confusion may arise.
    For example: She concentrated very hard in the exam

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    brush up on-    Improve, refresh one's knowledge of something.    
    Mary decided to brush up on her Spanish before going to South-America.
    come down with- Become ill with ...    
    The architect planned to attend the inauguration but unfortunately he came down with the flu over the weekend.

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Posted Date : 23-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    dry (or dummy) run
    If you organize a rehearsal, a trial exercise or a practice session of something, in realistic conditions, to see how well it will work before it is launched, you do a dry run.
    Let's do a dry run of the ceremony to make sure everything goes smoothly
    eat/dip into one's savings
    If you eat or dip into your savings, you spend part of the money you have put aside for future use.
    I had to dip into my savings to have the car repaired.
    fall off the back of a lorry
    Goods that have fallen off the back of a lorry are stolen goods.
    Judging by the price of that camera, it must have fallen off the back of a lorry!
    get the sack
    If someone gets the sack, they lose their job, usually because they have done something wrong.
    Charlie got the sack when his boss caught him stealing.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Jigsaw family- A family which includes the children from each partner's previous relationship(s), in addition to any children they may have together.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    coalition ( noun)

    1. a group of people acting together within a larger group 
    “rival coalitions struggling for control of the party”
    Synonyms- bloc, block, body, coalition, party, sect, set, side, wing
    Related Words- splinter, split; crew, gang, pack, team; denomination, persuasion; schism, scission; caucus, movement
    2. an association of persons, parties, or states for mutual assistance and protection 
    “preservationists formed a coalition with the theater owners to preserve these historic structures”
    Synonyms- alliance, axis, bloc, block, coalition, combination, combine, confederation, federation, league, union
    Related Words- cabal, conspiracy, junto; cartel, syndicate, trust; faction, front, fusion, side, wing; association, group, organization; affiliation, cooperative, partnership; circuit, conference

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    live through- Experience something and survive
    My grandparents lived through two wars.
    single out- Select for special attention    
    Two boys were singled out for extra coaching.

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Posted Date : 22-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    cut from the same cloth

    If two people are cut from the same cloth, they are very similar in character or behaviour.
    Although the brothers look alike, they are not cut from the same cloth. 
    out of the frying pan into the fire
    This expression means to go from one difficult situation to another one which is usually even worse.
    The flight was delayed because of snow.  When the plane eventually took off, it had to turn back because of engine trouble - out of the frying pan into the fire!
    good as gold
    A child who is as good as gold is obedient and well-behaved.
    Your children are always as good as gold when I look after them.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    bump into- Meet by accident or unexpectedly.
    Pedro bumped into his English teacher at the supermarket.
    go after- Pursue (an object or a goal)
    She went after her dream and is now an actress.
    hook up (with)- Link broadcasting facilities    
    Many networks are hooked up by satellite.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    likeness (noun)

     1. a two-dimensional design intended to look like a person or thing “the wealthy businessman hired a leading artist to paint his likeness”
    Synonyms- icon (also ikon), illustration, image, picture
    2. something or someone that strongly resembles another “why, you're the very likeness of your mother!”
    Synonyms- alter ego, carbon, carbon copy, clone, counterpart, doppelgänger (or doppelganger), double, duplicate, duplication, facsimile, fetch, image, look-alike, match, mirror image, picture, replica, ringer, spit, spitting image, twin
    Near Antonyms- antithesis, converse, opposite, reverse
    3. the quality or state of having many qualities in common “the forgery was difficult to detect due to the pinpoint likeness it bore to the original”
    Synonyms- alikeness, community, comparability, correspondence, similarity, parallelism, resemblance, similitude
    Near Antonyms- inequality; conflict, polarity; incompatibility, incongruence, incongruity, incongruousness, nonconformity; differentiability, discriminability, distinguishability; anomalousness, dichotomy; disproportion, imbalance, inequality, nonequivalence
    Antonyms- difference, disagreement, discrepancy, disparateness, disparity, dissimilarity, dissimilitude, distinctiveness, distinctness, unlikeness

    Tongue Twister
     I’ll chew and chew until my jaws drop.
    Real rock wall, real rock wall, real rock wall.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 22-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    cut from the same cloth

    If two people are cut from the same cloth, they are very similar in character or behaviour.
    Although the brothers look alike, they are not cut from the same cloth. 
    out of the frying pan into the fire
    This expression means to go from one difficult situation to another one which is usually even worse.
    The flight was delayed because of snow.  When the plane eventually took off, it had to turn back because of engine trouble - out of the frying pan into the fire!
    good as gold
    A child who is as good as gold is obedient and well-behaved.
    Your children are always as good as gold when I look after them.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    bump into- Meet by accident or unexpectedly.
    Pedro bumped into his English teacher at the supermarket.
    go after- Pursue (an object or a goal)
    She went after her dream and is now an actress.
    hook up (with)- Link broadcasting facilities    
    Many networks are hooked up by satellite.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    likeness (noun)

     1. a two-dimensional design intended to look like a person or thing “the wealthy businessman hired a leading artist to paint his likeness”
    Synonyms- icon (also ikon), illustration, image, picture
    2. something or someone that strongly resembles another “why, you're the very likeness of your mother!”
    Synonyms- alter ego, carbon, carbon copy, clone, counterpart, doppelgänger (or doppelganger), double, duplicate, duplication, facsimile, fetch, image, look-alike, match, mirror image, picture, replica, ringer, spit, spitting image, twin
    Near Antonyms- antithesis, converse, opposite, reverse
    3. the quality or state of having many qualities in common “the forgery was difficult to detect due to the pinpoint likeness it bore to the original”
    Synonyms- alikeness, community, comparability, correspondence, similarity, parallelism, resemblance, similitude
    Near Antonyms- inequality; conflict, polarity; incompatibility, incongruence, incongruity, incongruousness, nonconformity; differentiability, discriminability, distinguishability; anomalousness, dichotomy; disproportion, imbalance, inequality, nonequivalence
    Antonyms- difference, disagreement, discrepancy, disparateness, disparity, dissimilarity, dissimilitude, distinctiveness, distinctness, unlikeness

    Tongue Twister
     I’ll chew and chew until my jaws drop.
    Real rock wall, real rock wall, real rock wall.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

    ...
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