अंग्रेज़ी

Posted Date : 21-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    caught unawares

    If someone is caught unawares, they are surprised and unprepared for what happens.
    The security guard moved so silently that the thief was caught unawares.
    wouldn't be caught dead
    If someone says that they wouldn't be caught or seen dead in a particular place or doing something, they mean that they would be too ashamed or embarrassed.
    My seven-year-old son thinks he's a big boy; he wouldn't be caught dead holding my hand in front of his friends!
    false move
    In a dangerous or risky situation, if you make a false move, you do something which may have unpleasant consequences.
    He is under close surveillance. If he makes one false move he'll be arrested.

    Phrasal Verbs

    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    even out- 1) Eliminate differences of opinion. 2) Become level or regular    
    1) After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences. 2) The road was evened out to make it safer.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English

    raise / rise
    When used as a verb they both have the same general meaning of "to move upwards", the main difference is that rise is an intransitive verb (it does not take an object), while raise is a transitive verb (it requires an object):
    As you can see from the examples below; nobody pushes up the sun, whereas Lynne moved her hand upwards.
    rise (v) Something rises by itself 
    For example:- The sun rises in the east. 
    The chairman always rises to the occasion. 
    I will rise tomorrow morning at 6 a.m. to walk the dog.
    Rise is an irregular verb: rise / rose / risen
    raise (v) Something else is needed to raise something.
    For example:- Lynne raised her hand. 
    They can't raise the Titanic.
    Raise is a regular verb: raise / raised / raised
    As a noun rise describes an upward movement.
    For example:-
    There was a steep rise in drug-related crimes.
    As a noun raise describes an increase in salary.
    For example: When people ask for a raise, they often go about it in an entirely wrong way. 
    Note - you can raise children, which means to look after them as they grow up.

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Posted Date : 20-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    Bad news travels fast.
    People tend to circulate bad news very quickly (accidents, illness, etc.).
    Hatred is as blind as love.
    A person who feels hatred does not see any qualities in the person he/she hate
    Liars need good memories
    People who do not tell the truth must be careful to remember what they say.
    (A) man is judged by his deeds, not by his words.
    A person is judged on what he/she actually does, not on what they say they will do.
    Never put off till tomorrow what can be done today.
    Don't postpone until later something you can do now

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    Agree to- receive back/ be returned.
    We will take back goods only if you can produce the receipt.
    drift apart- Become less and less close.    
    We were childhood friends but we drifted apart over the years..

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    seize (verb)

    1. to have a clear idea of “a critic with a sharp intellect that is able to seize the most subtle nuances of a work of art”
    Synonyms- appreciate, apprehend, assimilate, behold, catch, catch on (to), cognize, compass, conceive, cotton (to or on to), decipher, decode, dig, discern, get, grasp, grok, intuit, know, make, make out, perceive, recognize, register, savvy, see, comprehend, sense, tumble (to), twig, understand
    Near Antonyms- misapprehend, misconceive, misconstrue, misinterpret, misperceive, misread, mistake, misunderstand
    Antonyms- miss
    2. to take or keep under one's control by authority of law “seized the leaders of one of the city's major drug rings”
    Synonyms- apprehend, bust [slang], collar, nab, nail, nick [British slang], pick up, pinch, pull in, restrain, run in, arrest
    Antonyms- discharge
    3. to take physical control or possession of (something) suddenly or forcibly “seized the escaping balloon just before it got out of reach”
    Synonyms- bag, capture, collar, cop [slang], corral, get, glom, grab, grapple, hook, land, nab, nail, net, nobble [British slang], rap, catch, snag, snap (up), snare, snatch, trap
    Near Antonyms- discharge, free, liberate, release; drop, loosen, unhand
    4. to take or make use of under a guise of authority but without actual right “Richard III seized the English throne from his brother Edward in 1483”
    Synonyms- arrogate, commandeer, convert, expropriate, press, appropriate, take over, usurp.

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Posted Date : 19-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    gravy train

    If someone is on the gravy train, they have found an easy way to make money, one that requires little effort and is without risk.
    Since the village has become fashionable, he charges for every photograph taken of his house - he's on a gravy train!
    hit and run accident
    When the driver of a vehicle hits another vehicle without stopping to provide help, identification or insurance, and fails to report the accident to the police, the collision is called a hit-and-run accident.
    A hit-and-run accident deserves serious punishment.
    kick up a fuss
    A person who kicks up a fuss creates a disturbance, especially by complaining or protesting about something.
    The service was so slow in the restaurant that several customers began to kick up a fuss.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    sign away- Give up one's rights or ownership
    He signed away his property and joined a religious community.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    at / in

    People get very confused about these two prepositions, but there are a couple of simple tips you can use to help yourself remember how to use them.
    In, as a preposition of place, is usually used to talk about the position of someone or something inside large places such as countries, continents, big cities etc.
    For example:- She grew up in New Zealand.
    At, as a preposition of place, is usually used to talk about the position of someone or something inside small and unimportant places such as villages, small towns etc.
    For example:- I'lll meet you at the pub.
    At is also commonly used with proper names such as buildings or organizations.
    For example:- I first met her at Harrods. She works at the bank.
    In, as a preposition of time, is usually used when talking about parts of the day.
    For example:- I'll see you in the morning, in the evening, in the afternoon.
    At, as a preposition of time, is usually used with clock time.
    For example:- My train leaves at 6.30 am.
    Note - As with most so called "rules" in English there are exceptions, so just to confuse y

     

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Posted Date : 18-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    cut a dash
    If a person cuts a dash, they make a striking impression by their appearance and attractive clothes.
    Wearing his uniform, my grandfather cut a dash on his wedding day.

    going concern
    A business or activity that is dynamic and successful is a going concern.
    They opened a coffee shop that is a going concern today.

    way or the highway
    It you say to someone 'it's my way or the highway', you are telling that person that either they accept what you propose or they leave the project.
    You don't have much choice when someone says 'it's my way or the highway'.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    pop in- Make a brief visit    
    He sometimes pops in for a cup of coffee.
    slow down- Decelerate    
    You're driving too fast. Slow down!

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    approve  (verb)

     Synonyms and Antonyms of approve to give official acceptance of as satisfactory as soon as the pond project was approved, the bulldozers were at the site
    Synonyms- of approve accredit, approbate, authorize, clear, confirm, finalize, formalize, homologate, OK (or okay), ratify, sanction, warrant
    Words Related- to approve accept, acknowledge, affirm certify, endorse (also indorse), validate bless, canonize, sanctify initial, rubber-stamp, sign, sign off (on) allow, enable, legalize, license (also licence), pass, permit reapprove
    Near Antonyms- of approve ban, enjoin, forbid, illegalize, interdict, prohibit, proscribe disregard, ignore, neglect, overlook rebuff, rebut, refuse, spurn
    Antonyms- of approve decline, deny, disallow, disapprove, negative, reject, turn down, veto

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Posted Date : 17-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    jump for joy

    When people jump for joy, they express their happiness through excited movements and gestures.
    The player jumped for joy when he scored the winning goal.
    live beyond means
    If someone lives beyond their means, they spend more money than they earn or can afford.
    The cost of living was so much higher in New York that he was soon living beyond his means.
    once in a blue moon
    Something that happens once in a blue moon happens rarely or hardly ever.
    She doesn't contact us very often.  We hear from her once in a blue moon!

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    hit back- Retaliate / reply to an attack    
    When he was attacked, the boy hit back.
    down/out- Come or go quickly in the direction specified    
    She popped over to visit her mother after lunch.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    money (noun)

    1. something (as pieces of stamped metal or printed paper) customarily and legally used as a medium of exchange, a measure of value, or a means of payment 
    “are you sure you have enough money to buy all that?”
    Synonyms- bread [slang], bucks, cabbage [slang], cash, change, chips, coin, currency, dough, gold, green, jack [slang], kale [slang], legal tender, lolly [British], long green [slang], loot, lucre, moola (or moolah) [slang], needful, pelf, scratch [slang], shekels (also sheqels or shekelim or shekalim or sheqalim), tender, wampum
    2. a wealthy person 
    “she had always planned to marry money”
    Synonyms- Croesus, deep pocket, fat cat, have, money, moneybags, plutocrat, silk stocking
    Near Antonyms- bankrupt, beggar
    Antonyms- have-not, pauper

     ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Environment

    Word         Meaning
    recycling    The process of minimising waste         by recovering materials and trans        forming them into new products.
    volatile        Any substance that evaporates         quickly.
    waste        Anything that is unwanted or             unused and is thrown away.

     

     

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Posted Date : 17-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    He who knows nothing doubts nothing.
    People who are uninformed have no doubts. Knowledge leads us to make choices.
    If wishes were horses, then beggars would ride.
    If just wishing for something were enough to make it happen, then even the poorest of people would have everything they wanted. Wishing alone is not sufficient; you must act as well.
    Knowledge is power.
    The more knowledge or education you have, the better your chances are of being successful in life.
    Losers weepers, finders keepers.
    If you lose something you lament, if you find something you keep it.
    Spare the rod and spoil the child.
    If you don't punish a child when he does wrong, you will spoil his character.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    play up- Cause pain or discomfort.
    My stomach is starting to play up again after all that heavy food.
    sit down-Take a seat
    Please come in and sit down.
    touch down- Land on the runway
    The plane touched down exactly on time.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English
    defrost /melt

    Defrost  is a verb that means to (cause to) become free of ice, or to (cause to) become no longer frozen.
    For example: "I had to defrost the fridge before I could defrost the fish from the freezer in it."
    Melt is a verb, it means to turn from something solid into something soft or liquid.
    For example: "The ice melted in the heat."
    Note - you really don't want to melt the fridge.
    excited /exciting
    Excited is an adjective that describes when someone feels happy and enthusiastic about something.
    For example: She was so excited that she couldn't sleep.
    Exciting is an adjective that means something is making you excited.
    For example: The football match was so exciting! She couldn't wait to tell everyone about it.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    noughties- The years between 2000 and 2009 which contain a 'nought' (zero), in the same way as other decades are called the 'thirties', 'sixties', etc .
    overworking class- A segment of today's working population where there is a desire or need to work long hours.
    password wallet- An online service where a person’s passwords can be stored and managed. 

     


     

     

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Posted Date : 15-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    elbow room

    If you need some elbow room, you need more space to move.
    We shared a small office where neither of us had enough elbow room.
    ring a bell
    If something rings a bell, it is vaguely familar to you, but you can't remember the exact details.
    John Bentley?  The name rings a bell but I don't remember him.
    like a scalded cat
    If something or something moves like a scalded cat, they move very fast, usually because they are frightened or shocked.
    As soon as he saw the policeman, he ran off like a scalded cat.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    ring back - Return a phone call  (Also: call 
    back)John rang and asked if you could ring him back.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    nature (noun)

    1. the set of qualities that makes a person, a group of people, or a thing different from others
    “it was the violent nature of his stories that got them banned from school libraries” 
    “her nature was such that lying was never an option for her” 
    “the stoic nature of these people enables them to endure one calamity after another”
    Synonyms- character, clay, colors, complexion, constitution, genius, personality, self, tone
    2. that part of the physical world that is removed from human habitation 
    “needed to get out of the office and back to nature in order to clear his head”
    Synonyms- open, open air, outdoors, out-of-doors, wild, wilderness
    3. a number of persons or things that are grouped together because they have something in common 
    “group together anything round: buttons, lids, coins, and other things of that nature”
    Synonyms- breed, class, description, feather, genre, ilk, kidney, kind, like, manner, sort, order, species, strain, stripe, type, variety
    4. one's characteristic attitude or mood 
    “a boy of a quiet and shy nature”
    Synonyms- grain, disposition, temper, temperament
    5. the whole body of things observed or assumed
    “the belief that all of nature is controlled by an unseen Supreme Being”
    Synonyms- cosmos, creation, macrocosm, universe, world
    Near Antonyms- nothingness, void

     

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Posted Date : 14-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    horse of a different colour
    To describe a person or a problem as a horse of a different colour means either that the person does things differently from others, or that the nature of the problem is entirely different.
    I expected to negotiate with the sales manager, but the chairman turned up - now he's a horse of a different colour!
    keep under wraps
    If something is kept under wraps, it is held secret and not revealed to anyone.
    The plan was kept under wraps until the contract as officially signed.
    lash out
    If you lash out at somebody, you attack them, usually verbally.
    On the ninth hole, Pete suddenly lashed out at Scott and accused him of cheating

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    get together- Meet each other    
    Let's get together for lunch one day.
    miss out (on)- Lose an opportunity to do something.    
    If you leave before Saturday you'll miss out on the party.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    prominent (adjective)

    1. likely to attract attention. an attorney who occupies a prominent position in the town's social hierarchy
    Synonyms- of prominent arresting, bodacious, bold, brilliant, catchy, commanding, conspicuous, dramatic, emphatic, eye-catching, flamboyant, grabby, kenspeckle [chiefly Scottish], marked, noisy, noticeable, pronounced, remarkable, showy, splashy, striking
    Near Antonyms- of prominent subtle concealed, hidden, shrouded dim, faint, obscure insignif cant, undistinguished, unimportant modest, unaffected, unassuming, unpretentious conservative, plain, quiet, simple, understated muted, restrained, subdued, subtle, toned-down, unflashy
    Antonyms- of prominent
    inconspicuous, unemphatic, unflamboyant, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, unremarkable, unshowy
    2. widely known prominent figures in the history of sports
    Synonyms- of prominentbig-name, celebrated, famed, noted, notorious, famous, renowned, star, visible, well-known
    Near Antonyms- of prominentinsignificant, unimportantinconspicuousundistinguished, unexceptionalunpopular
    Antonyms- of prominent anonymous, nameless, obscure, uncelebrated, unfamous, unknown, unsung.

     

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Posted Date : 13-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    (An) empty purse frightens away friends.
    When one's financial situation deteriorates, friends tend to disappear.
    False friends are worse than open enemies.
    It's better to know who your real enemies are rather than trust someone who pretends to be a friend but is capable of stabbing you in the back.
    Haste makes waste
    If something is done too quickly, it may be done carelessly and need to be redone.
    (A) little fire is quickly trodden out.
    If you deal with a minor problem quickly, it will not become a major issue.
    (A) man is known by the company he keeps.
    A person's character is judged by the type of people with whom they spend their time.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    dispense with- Decide to do without something.  
    They've dispensed with the paper version so you'll have to download it.
    even out- Eliminate differences of opinion.  
    "After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences."

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English

    say / talk
    To say v. means to pronounce words or sounds, to express a thought, opinion, or suggestion, or to state a fact or instruction.
    For example: "Never forget to say "Please" and "Thank you".
    "If you can't say anything nice, don't say anything at all."
    It can also mean to give information in writing, numbers or signs.
    For example: "The signs says we shouldn't walk on the grass".
    To talk v. means to actually say words out loud; to speak to someone.
    For example: "I'm really glad my dogs can't talk.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    generation snowflake- A derisive reference to today’s teens and young adults (called ‘millennials’) who are viewed as being more easily offended and less resilient than previous generations. Generation Snowflake believe that it is their right to be protected from anything they might find unpalatable or makes them feel uncomfortable.
    hearable- Electronic device worn in the ear which incorporates a computer or technical gadget to provide information, music, etc. for example applications related to fitness.
    jeggings- Blend of 'jean' and 'leggings'.
    Tight-fitting stretch trousers for women made from a denim fabric with the elasticity of a legging. They resemble a pair of denim jeans with fake pockets and belt loops.

     

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Posted Date : 12-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    go overboard
    If you go overboard, you are over-enthusiastic about something and do too much or behave in an excessive way.
    We need to prepare the dining room for Christmas, but don't go overboard with the decorations.
    hit the dust
    The expression hit the dust is a humorous way of referring to death.
    You can have my computer when I hit the dust!
    keep your nose clean
    A person who keeps their nose clean behaves well and avoids trouble.
    He spent a term in prison a few years ago but he's kept his nose clean ever since.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    put (yourself) out- Go to a lot of trouble / be inconvenienced.    
    Please don't put yourself out for us.
    take off- Leave the ground    
    The plane took off at 7 o'clock.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    enquire / enquiry

    inquire / inquiry    In British English there's a subtle difference between enquiry and inquiry, but Americans tend to use inquiry for both, as a result the lines are getting blurred, but generally:-
    If you enquire about someone or something you ask about them.
    For example:- She enquired about his health. He was touched by her enquiry..
    In British English we use inquiry when we're talking about more official investigations.
    For example:- She thought the committee had no right to inquire into her politics.
    There was an inquiry into the death of Ian Tomlinson.
    Note - If you can't decide, stick to inquire / inquiry. You'll sound like an American, but that can't be helped.

      BUSINESS  ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Negotiations
    Word         Meaning
    agent        Person or company that acts             for another and provides a             specified service.
    bedrock price    Lowest possible price.
    commitment    Engagement or undertaking;              to commit oneself.

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Posted Date : 11-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    It's no use crying over spilt milk
    Don't express regret for something that has happened and cannot be remedied.
    Might as well be hanged for a sheep as (for) a lamb
    If the penalty is going to be same, you might as well commit the greater offence.
    People who live in glass houses should not throw stones
    One should not criticize others for faults similar to one's own and risk retaliation.
    The best things in life are free
    You don't have to pay for what is important: happiness, friendship, good health.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    come up with- Produce an idea or plan.    
    Sacha came up with a great idea for the party.

    and back- Return    
    She read the article and then handed it back.
    know of- have heard of / have knowledge about
    Do you know of anyone else attending the conference?

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    humanity (noun)

    1.human beings in general all humanity can learn from this tragedy
    Synonyms- of humanity folks, people, humankind, public, species, world
    2. the capacity for feeling for another's unhappiness or misfortune
    a country known for the humanity of its liberal immigration policy
    Synonyms- of humanity  bigheartedness, charity, commiseration, compassion, feeling, good-heartedness, heart, kindheartedness, kindliness, kindness, largeheartedness, mercy, pity, ruth, softheartedness, sympathy, warmheartedness
    Near Antonyms- of humanity callousness, coldness, disinterest, indifference, unconcern cruelty, harshness animosity, antipathy, dislike, hatred, hostility
    Antonyms- of humanity coldheartedness, hard-heartedness, inhumanity, inhumanness, mercilessness, pitilessness
    3. the human race in Greek mythology, the gods display many of the weaknesses of humanity, such as jealousy, foolishness, and greed
    Synonyms- of humanity Homo sapiens, mankind, humankind, man.

    Tongue Twister
    Tom threw Tim three thumbtacks
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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