अंग्रेज़ी

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Posted Date : 18-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    cut a dash
    If a person cuts a dash, they make a striking impression by their appearance and attractive clothes.
    Wearing his uniform, my grandfather cut a dash on his wedding day.

    going concern
    A business or activity that is dynamic and successful is a going concern.
    They opened a coffee shop that is a going concern today.

    way or the highway
    It you say to someone 'it's my way or the highway', you are telling that person that either they accept what you propose or they leave the project.
    You don't have much choice when someone says 'it's my way or the highway'.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    pop in- Make a brief visit    
    He sometimes pops in for a cup of coffee.
    slow down- Decelerate    
    You're driving too fast. Slow down!

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    approve  (verb)

     Synonyms and Antonyms of approve to give official acceptance of as satisfactory as soon as the pond project was approved, the bulldozers were at the site
    Synonyms- of approve accredit, approbate, authorize, clear, confirm, finalize, formalize, homologate, OK (or okay), ratify, sanction, warrant
    Words Related- to approve accept, acknowledge, affirm certify, endorse (also indorse), validate bless, canonize, sanctify initial, rubber-stamp, sign, sign off (on) allow, enable, legalize, license (also licence), pass, permit reapprove
    Near Antonyms- of approve ban, enjoin, forbid, illegalize, interdict, prohibit, proscribe disregard, ignore, neglect, overlook rebuff, rebut, refuse, spurn
    Antonyms- of approve decline, deny, disallow, disapprove, negative, reject, turn down, veto

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Posted Date : 17-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    jump for joy

    When people jump for joy, they express their happiness through excited movements and gestures.
    The player jumped for joy when he scored the winning goal.
    live beyond means
    If someone lives beyond their means, they spend more money than they earn or can afford.
    The cost of living was so much higher in New York that he was soon living beyond his means.
    once in a blue moon
    Something that happens once in a blue moon happens rarely or hardly ever.
    She doesn't contact us very often.  We hear from her once in a blue moon!

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    hit back- Retaliate / reply to an attack    
    When he was attacked, the boy hit back.
    down/out- Come or go quickly in the direction specified    
    She popped over to visit her mother after lunch.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    money (noun)

    1. something (as pieces of stamped metal or printed paper) customarily and legally used as a medium of exchange, a measure of value, or a means of payment 
    “are you sure you have enough money to buy all that?”
    Synonyms- bread [slang], bucks, cabbage [slang], cash, change, chips, coin, currency, dough, gold, green, jack [slang], kale [slang], legal tender, lolly [British], long green [slang], loot, lucre, moola (or moolah) [slang], needful, pelf, scratch [slang], shekels (also sheqels or shekelim or shekalim or sheqalim), tender, wampum
    2. a wealthy person 
    “she had always planned to marry money”
    Synonyms- Croesus, deep pocket, fat cat, have, money, moneybags, plutocrat, silk stocking
    Near Antonyms- bankrupt, beggar
    Antonyms- have-not, pauper

     ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Environment

    Word         Meaning
    recycling    The process of minimising waste         by recovering materials and trans        forming them into new products.
    volatile        Any substance that evaporates         quickly.
    waste        Anything that is unwanted or             unused and is thrown away.

     

     

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Posted Date : 17-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    He who knows nothing doubts nothing.
    People who are uninformed have no doubts. Knowledge leads us to make choices.
    If wishes were horses, then beggars would ride.
    If just wishing for something were enough to make it happen, then even the poorest of people would have everything they wanted. Wishing alone is not sufficient; you must act as well.
    Knowledge is power.
    The more knowledge or education you have, the better your chances are of being successful in life.
    Losers weepers, finders keepers.
    If you lose something you lament, if you find something you keep it.
    Spare the rod and spoil the child.
    If you don't punish a child when he does wrong, you will spoil his character.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    play up- Cause pain or discomfort.
    My stomach is starting to play up again after all that heavy food.
    sit down-Take a seat
    Please come in and sit down.
    touch down- Land on the runway
    The plane touched down exactly on time.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English
    defrost /melt

    Defrost  is a verb that means to (cause to) become free of ice, or to (cause to) become no longer frozen.
    For example: "I had to defrost the fridge before I could defrost the fish from the freezer in it."
    Melt is a verb, it means to turn from something solid into something soft or liquid.
    For example: "The ice melted in the heat."
    Note - you really don't want to melt the fridge.
    excited /exciting
    Excited is an adjective that describes when someone feels happy and enthusiastic about something.
    For example: She was so excited that she couldn't sleep.
    Exciting is an adjective that means something is making you excited.
    For example: The football match was so exciting! She couldn't wait to tell everyone about it.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    noughties- The years between 2000 and 2009 which contain a 'nought' (zero), in the same way as other decades are called the 'thirties', 'sixties', etc .
    overworking class- A segment of today's working population where there is a desire or need to work long hours.
    password wallet- An online service where a person’s passwords can be stored and managed. 

     


     

     

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Posted Date : 15-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    elbow room

    If you need some elbow room, you need more space to move.
    We shared a small office where neither of us had enough elbow room.
    ring a bell
    If something rings a bell, it is vaguely familar to you, but you can't remember the exact details.
    John Bentley?  The name rings a bell but I don't remember him.
    like a scalded cat
    If something or something moves like a scalded cat, they move very fast, usually because they are frightened or shocked.
    As soon as he saw the policeman, he ran off like a scalded cat.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    ring back - Return a phone call  (Also: call 
    back)John rang and asked if you could ring him back.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    nature (noun)

    1. the set of qualities that makes a person, a group of people, or a thing different from others
    “it was the violent nature of his stories that got them banned from school libraries” 
    “her nature was such that lying was never an option for her” 
    “the stoic nature of these people enables them to endure one calamity after another”
    Synonyms- character, clay, colors, complexion, constitution, genius, personality, self, tone
    2. that part of the physical world that is removed from human habitation 
    “needed to get out of the office and back to nature in order to clear his head”
    Synonyms- open, open air, outdoors, out-of-doors, wild, wilderness
    3. a number of persons or things that are grouped together because they have something in common 
    “group together anything round: buttons, lids, coins, and other things of that nature”
    Synonyms- breed, class, description, feather, genre, ilk, kidney, kind, like, manner, sort, order, species, strain, stripe, type, variety
    4. one's characteristic attitude or mood 
    “a boy of a quiet and shy nature”
    Synonyms- grain, disposition, temper, temperament
    5. the whole body of things observed or assumed
    “the belief that all of nature is controlled by an unseen Supreme Being”
    Synonyms- cosmos, creation, macrocosm, universe, world
    Near Antonyms- nothingness, void

     

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Posted Date : 14-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    horse of a different colour
    To describe a person or a problem as a horse of a different colour means either that the person does things differently from others, or that the nature of the problem is entirely different.
    I expected to negotiate with the sales manager, but the chairman turned up - now he's a horse of a different colour!
    keep under wraps
    If something is kept under wraps, it is held secret and not revealed to anyone.
    The plan was kept under wraps until the contract as officially signed.
    lash out
    If you lash out at somebody, you attack them, usually verbally.
    On the ninth hole, Pete suddenly lashed out at Scott and accused him of cheating

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    get together- Meet each other    
    Let's get together for lunch one day.
    miss out (on)- Lose an opportunity to do something.    
    If you leave before Saturday you'll miss out on the party.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    prominent (adjective)

    1. likely to attract attention. an attorney who occupies a prominent position in the town's social hierarchy
    Synonyms- of prominent arresting, bodacious, bold, brilliant, catchy, commanding, conspicuous, dramatic, emphatic, eye-catching, flamboyant, grabby, kenspeckle [chiefly Scottish], marked, noisy, noticeable, pronounced, remarkable, showy, splashy, striking
    Near Antonyms- of prominent subtle concealed, hidden, shrouded dim, faint, obscure insignif cant, undistinguished, unimportant modest, unaffected, unassuming, unpretentious conservative, plain, quiet, simple, understated muted, restrained, subdued, subtle, toned-down, unflashy
    Antonyms- of prominent
    inconspicuous, unemphatic, unflamboyant, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, unremarkable, unshowy
    2. widely known prominent figures in the history of sports
    Synonyms- of prominentbig-name, celebrated, famed, noted, notorious, famous, renowned, star, visible, well-known
    Near Antonyms- of prominentinsignificant, unimportantinconspicuousundistinguished, unexceptionalunpopular
    Antonyms- of prominent anonymous, nameless, obscure, uncelebrated, unfamous, unknown, unsung.

     

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Posted Date : 13-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    (An) empty purse frightens away friends.
    When one's financial situation deteriorates, friends tend to disappear.
    False friends are worse than open enemies.
    It's better to know who your real enemies are rather than trust someone who pretends to be a friend but is capable of stabbing you in the back.
    Haste makes waste
    If something is done too quickly, it may be done carelessly and need to be redone.
    (A) little fire is quickly trodden out.
    If you deal with a minor problem quickly, it will not become a major issue.
    (A) man is known by the company he keeps.
    A person's character is judged by the type of people with whom they spend their time.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    dispense with- Decide to do without something.  
    They've dispensed with the paper version so you'll have to download it.
    even out- Eliminate differences of opinion.  
    "After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences."

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English

    say / talk
    To say v. means to pronounce words or sounds, to express a thought, opinion, or suggestion, or to state a fact or instruction.
    For example: "Never forget to say "Please" and "Thank you".
    "If you can't say anything nice, don't say anything at all."
    It can also mean to give information in writing, numbers or signs.
    For example: "The signs says we shouldn't walk on the grass".
    To talk v. means to actually say words out loud; to speak to someone.
    For example: "I'm really glad my dogs can't talk.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    generation snowflake- A derisive reference to today’s teens and young adults (called ‘millennials’) who are viewed as being more easily offended and less resilient than previous generations. Generation Snowflake believe that it is their right to be protected from anything they might find unpalatable or makes them feel uncomfortable.
    hearable- Electronic device worn in the ear which incorporates a computer or technical gadget to provide information, music, etc. for example applications related to fitness.
    jeggings- Blend of 'jean' and 'leggings'.
    Tight-fitting stretch trousers for women made from a denim fabric with the elasticity of a legging. They resemble a pair of denim jeans with fake pockets and belt loops.

     

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Posted Date : 12-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    go overboard
    If you go overboard, you are over-enthusiastic about something and do too much or behave in an excessive way.
    We need to prepare the dining room for Christmas, but don't go overboard with the decorations.
    hit the dust
    The expression hit the dust is a humorous way of referring to death.
    You can have my computer when I hit the dust!
    keep your nose clean
    A person who keeps their nose clean behaves well and avoids trouble.
    He spent a term in prison a few years ago but he's kept his nose clean ever since.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    put (yourself) out- Go to a lot of trouble / be inconvenienced.    
    Please don't put yourself out for us.
    take off- Leave the ground    
    The plane took off at 7 o'clock.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    enquire / enquiry

    inquire / inquiry    In British English there's a subtle difference between enquiry and inquiry, but Americans tend to use inquiry for both, as a result the lines are getting blurred, but generally:-
    If you enquire about someone or something you ask about them.
    For example:- She enquired about his health. He was touched by her enquiry..
    In British English we use inquiry when we're talking about more official investigations.
    For example:- She thought the committee had no right to inquire into her politics.
    There was an inquiry into the death of Ian Tomlinson.
    Note - If you can't decide, stick to inquire / inquiry. You'll sound like an American, but that can't be helped.

      BUSINESS  ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Negotiations
    Word         Meaning
    agent        Person or company that acts             for another and provides a             specified service.
    bedrock price    Lowest possible price.
    commitment    Engagement or undertaking;              to commit oneself.

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Posted Date : 11-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    It's no use crying over spilt milk
    Don't express regret for something that has happened and cannot be remedied.
    Might as well be hanged for a sheep as (for) a lamb
    If the penalty is going to be same, you might as well commit the greater offence.
    People who live in glass houses should not throw stones
    One should not criticize others for faults similar to one's own and risk retaliation.
    The best things in life are free
    You don't have to pay for what is important: happiness, friendship, good health.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    come up with- Produce an idea or plan.    
    Sacha came up with a great idea for the party.

    and back- Return    
    She read the article and then handed it back.
    know of- have heard of / have knowledge about
    Do you know of anyone else attending the conference?

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    humanity (noun)

    1.human beings in general all humanity can learn from this tragedy
    Synonyms- of humanity folks, people, humankind, public, species, world
    2. the capacity for feeling for another's unhappiness or misfortune
    a country known for the humanity of its liberal immigration policy
    Synonyms- of humanity  bigheartedness, charity, commiseration, compassion, feeling, good-heartedness, heart, kindheartedness, kindliness, kindness, largeheartedness, mercy, pity, ruth, softheartedness, sympathy, warmheartedness
    Near Antonyms- of humanity callousness, coldness, disinterest, indifference, unconcern cruelty, harshness animosity, antipathy, dislike, hatred, hostility
    Antonyms- of humanity coldheartedness, hard-heartedness, inhumanity, inhumanness, mercilessness, pitilessness
    3. the human race in Greek mythology, the gods display many of the weaknesses of humanity, such as jealousy, foolishness, and greed
    Synonyms- of humanity Homo sapiens, mankind, humankind, man.

    Tongue Twister
    Tom threw Tim three thumbtacks
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 10-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    common knowledge
    When information is well-known to everyone (particularly in a community or group), it is called common knowledge.
    You didn't know the intern was Jack's son? It thought it was common knowledge.
    feed someone a line
    If you feed someone a line, you tell them something that may not be quite true, often as an excuse.
    When I asked for a pay increase, the boss fed me a line about the number of contracts that had not been renewed.
    get/give the low-down
    If you get or give the low-down, you get or give complete information or facts about something.
    I'll call you after the meeting and give you the low-down.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    close down- Stop operating (company, restaurant, cinema ...)
    When the factory closed down, the employees lost their jobs.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English
    most / the most

    Most without an article is usually used as an adjective, which means almost all.
    For example:-
    They ate most of the cake. 
    Most days I go for a jog.
    It's can also be used to form the superlative where it can go in front of an adverb.
    For example:-
    He objected to the results of the election most strongly.
    The most is usually used to form the superlative where it goes in front of longer adjectives.
    For example:-
    The Miss World competition is held every year to find the most beautiful woman in the world.
    Note - This is only a general rule - as ever there are exceptions.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Glass cliff- Refers to a situation where women are selected for positions when there is a strong likelihood of failure
    Infomercial- Blend of ’information’ and ‘commercial’. A short sponsored film, usually on television, which promotes a product in an instructive way.
    Glass cliff- Refers to a situation where women are selected for positions when there is a strong likelihood of failure
    Infomercial- Blend of ’information’ and ‘commercial’. A short sponsored film, usually on television, which promotes a product in an instructive way.

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Posted Date : 08-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs 
    (A) hungry belly has no ears.
    A hungry person is totally concentrated on their need for food and nothing else interests them
    Money doesn't grow on trees.
    You should not waste money because it is not plentiful or obtained easily.
    (A) nod is as good as a wink (to a blind horse/man).    
    A hint or a subtle signal is enough to convey meaning to someone who is ready to understand.
    Once bitten, twice shy.    
    After an unpleasant experience, people are careful to avoid something similar.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    opt out- Leave a system or decide not to participate    
    I enjoy tennis but I'm so busy I had to opt out of the tournament.
    drive at- Insinuate;  be trying to say.
    What exactly are you driving at?

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    holiday / weekend

    A holiday (noun), a time, often one or two weeks, when someone does not go to work or school but is free to do what they want, such as travel or relax. You usually have to book your holiday with your boss.
    For example: "Where are you going on holiday this year? Somewhere nice I hope."
    The weekend (noun) - In the UK, the weekend is Saturday and Sunday, or from Friday evening until Sunday night. It's the part of the week in which many workers living in the UK do not go to work. It is a time for leisure and recreation, and/or for religious activities. ...
    For example: "What are you doing this weekend? Anything nice?"

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    anonymouse/anonymice- People who wish to remain anonymous when they give information, essentially because they are afraid of scandal or retribution. 
    bitcoin- Bitcoin is both a cryptocurrency and an electronic payment system. It allows people to send or receive money across the Internet without going through a financial institution.
    chainwatch- Watch several consecutive episodes of a TV series in one sitting, one after another. 

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Posted Date : 07-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    get the jitters
    If you get (or have) the jitters, especially before an important event, you become very nervous or anxious and begin to shake.
    Some people get the jitters when they have to make a speech.
    jump in the deep end
    When you jump in (or are thrown in) at the deep end, you do something without any help or preparation, in an area where you have little or no experience.
    He got a job as a salesman, for which he had no training, so he just had to jump in at the deep end.


    landslide victory
    The victory of a candidate or a political party by an overwhelming majority is called a landslide victory.
    Major newspapers predict a landslide victory for the Democratic Party.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    bump into- Meet by accident or unexpectedly.
    Pedro bumped into his English teacher at the supermarket.
    get rid of- Eliminate    
    It's difficult to get rid of old habits.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    follower
    (noun)
    1. one who follows the opinions or teachings of another the followers of Gandhi have spread his philosophy of nonviolence all over the world
    Synonyms- of follower acolyte, adherent, convert, disciple, epigone, liege man, partisan (also partizan), pupil, votarist, votary
    Words Related- to followerapostle, missionary, proselytizer, soldierfaithful, loyalist
    advocate, backer, champion, supporter protege, scholar, student ideologist, ideologue (also idealogue), sectarian admirer, cultist, devotee, enthusiast, fan, idolater (or idolator), worshipper (or worshiper), zealot apparatchik, camp follower, flunky (also flunkey or flunkie), hanger-on, henchman, lackey, lickspittle, minion, myrmidon, satellite, stooge, sycophant, toady, yes-man
    Near Antonyms- of follower apostate, defector, renegade, traitor, turncoat
    Antonyms- of follower coryphaeus, leader
    2. a person who adopts the appearance or behavior of another especially in an obvious way Brando's Method acting inspired a whole ge eration of mumbling followers
    Synonyms- of follower aper, copyist, echo, copycat, imitator, rubber stamp, wannabe (also wannabee)
    Words Related- to follower parrot ape, emulator, impersonator, impressionist, mimic
    Synonym- Discussion of follower

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Posted Date : 06-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    Penny wise, pound foolish.
    Refers to a person who is careful about spending small amounts of money, but not careful about spending large amounts. 
    (The) road to hell is paved with good intentions.
    It is not enough to intend to do something, you must actually do it.
    Spare the rod and spoil the child.
    If you don't punish a child when he does wrong, you will spoil his character.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    stick out- Come out    
    His shirt was sticking out from his trousers.
    pass out- Faint / lose consciousness    
    She passed out when she heard the bad news.

    ommon Mistakes andConfusing Words in English

     

    come over /over comeC
    Come over is a phrasal verb, that can mean several things.
    To move from one place to another, or move towards someone.
    For example: "Come over here." To seem to be a particular type of person.
    For example: "Politicians often come over as arrogant." To be influenced suddenly and unexpectedly by a strange feeling.
    For example: "Don't stand up too quickly or you may come over dizzy."
    Overcome is a verb, which means to defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something.
    For example: "Using technology can help many people overcome any disabilities they

    Tongue Twister
    There those thousand thinkers were thinking how did the other three thieves go through.
    He threw three free throws.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 05-Nov-2017
  • Idiom
    clip someone's wings
    If you clip someone's wings, you do something to restrict their freedom.
    Taking away his credit card is a sure way to clip his wings.
    dog-eat-dog
    This expression refers to intense competition and rivalry in pursuit of one's own interests, with no concern for morality.
    The business world is tough today. There's a general dog-eat-dog attitude.
    get something off the ground
    If you get something off the ground, you put it into operation after having organized it.
    After a lot of hard work, we finally got the campaign off the ground.

     

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    log in/on- Access a program or database using a password.
    You need to log in to your account before you use the services.
    put up-    Accommodate / give someone a bed    
    We can put you up if you'd like to come for the week-end.

    Synonyms and Antonyms

    travel ( verb)
    1. to take a trip especially of some distance  “the couple loves to travel and has been to 34 countries”
    Synonyms -journey, peregrinate, pilgrimage, tour, trek, trip, voyage
    2. to make one's way through, across, or over  “ will travel the river for a while and then continue on land”
    Synonyms- course, cover, cross, cut (across), follow, go, navigate, pass (over), perambulate, peregrinate, proceed (along), track, transit, travel
    3. to proceed or move quickly “that racehorse can definitely travel”
    Synonyms- barrel, belt, blast, blaze, blow, bolt, bomb [slang], bowl, breeze, bundle, bustle, buzz, cannonball, careen, career, chase, course, crack (on), dash, drive, fly, hare, hasten, hie, highball, hotfoot (it), hump, hurl, hurtle, hustle, jet, jump, motor, nip, pelt, race, ram, rip, rocket, run, rush, rustle, scoot, scurry, scuttle, shoot, speed, step, tear, travel, trot, whirl, whisk, zip, zoom
    Near Antonyms- dally, dawdle, dillydally, drag, hang (around or out), lag, linger, loiter, poke, tarry; amble, lumber, plod, saunter, shuffle, stroll; decelerate, slow (down or up)
    4. to come or be together as friends 
    “he traveled with a fast crowd when he was in college’
    Synonyms- chum, company, consociate, consort, fraternize, hang (around or out), hobnob, hook up, mess around, pal (around), run, sort, travel
    Near Antonyms- avoid, cold-shoulder, shun, snub; alienate, estrange; break up, disband, disperse, split (up); disjoin, dissociate, disunite, divorce, sever, split, sunder.

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Posted Date : 02-Nov-2017
  • Proverbs
    Even a worm will turn.    
    Even someone who never complains will react to an intolerable situation.
    False friends are worse than open enemies.
    It's better to know who your real enemies are rather than trust someone who pretends to be a friend but is capable of stabbing you in the back.
    Knowledge is power.    
    It is easier to make progress or be successful if you are educated or possess a lot of information.
    Least said, soonest mended.    
    The less you talk about an incident, the more easily it will be forgotten

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    butt in (on)- Interrupt impolitely.    
    It's rude to butt in on a conversation.
    try on-    Put on or wear something to see if it suits
    or fits    
    I'm not sure about the size.  Can I try it on?
    get on with- Continue to do something / make progress    
    Be quiet and get on with your homework.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    kindness (noun)

    1. an act of kind assistance what a kindness to allow us to use your car for the funeral
    Synonyms- of kindness benevolence, boon, courtesy, grace, indulgence, favor, mercy, service, turn
    Near Antonyms- of kindness hindrance, hurdle, impediment, interference, obstacle
    2. the capacity for feeling for another's unhappiness or misfortune out of the kindness of your heart, would you at least consider adopting this stray cat?
    Synonyms- of kindness bigheartedness, charity, commiseration,  good-heartedness, humanity, kindheartedness, kindliness, heart, largeheartedness,sympathy, warmheartedness
    Near Antonyms- of kindness callousness, coldness, disinterest, indifference, unconcern cruelty, harshness animosity, antipathy, dislike, hatred, hostility
    Antonyms- of kindness coldheartedness, hard-heartedness, inhumanity, inhumanness, mercilessness, pitilessness
    3. sympathetic concern for the well-being of others with touching kindness, the couple offered the stranded tourists a place to stay for the night
    Synonyms- of kindness beneficence, benevolence, benignity, compassionateness, good-heartedness, humaneness, kindheartedness, kindliness, benignancy, softheartedness, tenderheartedness, tenderness, warmheartedness
    Near Antonyms- of kindness mercilessness, pitilessness, ruthlessness inconsiderateness, insensitivity, thoughtlessness grimness, harshness, severity, sternness, toughness hatefulness, malevolence, maliciousness, meanness, spitefulness, virulence, vitriol

     

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Posted Date : 29-Oct-2017
  • Idiom
    cut the cackle

    If you tell a group of people to cut the cackle, you are asking them 
    to stop talking aimlessly and start dealing with more important or serious matters. OK. It's time to cut the cackle and get down to business
    front runner
    In a contest, race or election, the front runner is the person who is most likely to succeed or win.
    Who are the front runners in the coming elections?
    home truths
    If you tell somebody some home truths, you tell them some unpleasant facts about themselves which are often difficult to accept.
    David needs to be told some home truths, whether he likes it or not!
     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    pass out- Faint / lose consciousness    
    She passed out when she heard the bad news.
    scale back/down- Make something smaller than originally intended.    
    Due to the crisis the company had to scale down the size of the plant.
    Synonyms and Antonyms

    genius (noun)
    1. a very smart person the 16-year-old college graduate was considered to be a genius
    Synonyms- of genius brain, brainiac, intellect, thinker, whiz, wiz, wizard
    Near Antonyms- of genius ignoramus, illiterate, know-nothing, lowbrow anti-intellectual, philistine ass, donkey, fool, jackass beast, boor, cad, churl, clown, creep, cretin, cur, heel, jerk, louse, lout, skunk, snake, stinker
    Antonyms- of genius blockhead, dodo, dolt, dope, dumbbell, dummy, dunce, fathead, goon, half-wit, hammerhead, idiot, imbecile, knucklehead, moron, nitwit, numskull (or numbskull), pinhead
    2. a special and usually inborn ability had a genius for remembering long strings of number had a genius for saying the wrong thing, no matter what the social situation
    Synonyms- of genius aptitude, bent, endowment, faculty, flair, talent, gift, head, knack
    3. a habitual attraction to some activity or thing a genius for gambling over his head
    Synonyms- of genius affection, affinity, aptitude, bent, bias, bone, devices, disposition, inclination, habitude, impulse, leaning, partiality, penchant, predilection, predisposition, proclivity, propens ty, tendency, turn
    4. the set of qualities that makes a person, a group of people, or a thing different from others putting the needs of the individual before those of society is alien to the genius of the Japanese people
    Synonyms- of genius character, clay, colors, complexion, constitution, nature, personality, self, tone

    5  a visible representation of something abstract (as a quality)
    the giant tortoise would seem to be the very genius of the unfathomable ancientness that one associates with the Galápagos Islands
    Synonyms of genius
    abstract, avatar, embodier, epitome, externalization, embodiment, icon (also ikon), image, incarnation, incorporation, instantiation, manifestation, objectification, personification, personifier
    Words Related to genius
    actualization, concretization, exemplification, personalization, realization, substantiation
    essence, quintessence, soul
    archetype, exemplar, model, paradigm, pattern
    reincarnation

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Posted Date : 28-Oct-2017
  • Idiom
    (like the) back of one's hand
    If you know something like the back of your hand, you are very familiar with it and know it in detail.
    Of course I won't get lost.  I know London like the back of my hand!
    cat in hell's chance
    To say that there is not a cat in hell's chance of someone doing or achieving something means that there is no chance at all.
    Because of the blizzard, the pilot didn't have a cat in hell's chance of landing safely.
    put a damper on
    If someone or something puts a damper on a situation or event, they make it less successful or enjoyable.
    The party was going great until the neighbour's complaints put a damper on it.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    grow up- Spend one's childhood / become an adult    
    He grew up in a small village in the mountains.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English

    any one / anyone
    Any one means any single person or thing out of a group of people or things.
    For example:- I can recommend any one of the books on this site.
    Anyone means any person. It's always written as one word.
    For example:- Did anyone see that UFO?

    draught / drought

    Draught is a noun used to describe a current of unpleasantly cold air blowing through a room.

    For example: I had a sore neck because I had been sitting in a draught.

    Drought is also a noun which is used to describe a long period when there is little or no rain.

    For example: The drought in Somalia is causing terrible human suffering.

    !Note - in AmE draught is spelt draft.

    Tongue Twister
    Surely Sylvia swims ! shrieked Sammy, surprised. “Someone should show Sylvia some strokes so she shall not sink.’ 
     Yellow butter, purple jelly, red jam, black bread.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

     

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Posted Date : 27-Oct-2017
  • Idiom
    earn while you learn

    This expression refers to the possibility of earning a salary while in training.
    Become an apprentice and get paid while in training.  Earn while you learn!
    facts speak for themselves
    When the facts of a situation are co clear that no further explanation or extra details are necessary, the facts speak for themselves.
    No need to tell you that the situation is disastrous.  The facts speak for themselves.
    itchy feet
    A person who has itchy feet is someone who finds it difficult to stay in one place and likes to travel and discover new places.
    Andrew's got itchy feet again.  He says he's going to teach in China for a few years.
    keep a lid on
    If you keep the lid on something, you hide it or control it to prevent people from finding out about it.
    The company tried to keep a lid on the negotiations but word got out to the press

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.pick on    
    break away- fromLeave and become independent    
    He broke away from the organisation and
    play down- Minimize or make something appear less important    
    The government played down the gravity of the situation.
    freak out- Panic or go crazy    
    She nearly freaked out when she saw the colour of her hair. It was a disaster! 

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    harmony (noun) 
    1. a balanced, pleasing, or suitable arrangement of parts her face had an angelic harmony that fascinated the leading painters of her day
    Synonyms- of harmony balance, coherence, concinnity, consonance, consonancy, orchestration, proportion, symmetry, symphony, unity
    Near Antonyms- of harmony confusion, disorganization, dissonance, disturbance, tension disconnectedness, disjointedness, incompatibility irregularity, unevenness
    Antonyms- of harmony asymmetry, discordance, disproportion, disunity, imbalance, incoherence, violence
    2. peaceful coexistence the apparent inability of the party's right and left wings to resolve their conflicts and live in harmony at least during the co vention
    Synonyms- of harmony chime, comity, compatibility, concord, peace
    Near Antonyms- of harmony antagonism, antipathy, enmity, hatred, hostility, unfriendliness alienation, breach, divorce, estrangement, rupture, schism, scission, severance dissent, dissidence
    anarchy, disorder, disturbance, strife, turmoil
    Antonyms- of harmony conflict, discord, dissension (also dissention), variance
    3. a state of consistency for once, the kids' idea of a vacation was in perfect harmony with their parents' notion of total relaxation
    Synonyms- of harmony accord, accordance, agreement, conformance, congruence, congr ency, congruity, consonance, conformity, tune
    Near Antonyms- of harmony contrast, discrepancy, disparateness, disparity, dissimilarity, di tinction, distinctiveness, distinctness, diverseness, diversity, unlikeness deviance, divergence discord, discordance, dissension (also dissention), dissent, dissidence, disunity, friction, strife variability, variance incompatibility
    Antonyms- of harmony conflict, disagreement, incongruence, incongruity, incongruousness

     

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Posted Date : 26-Oct-2017
  • Proverbs
    Half a loaf is better than none
    You should be grateful for something, even if it is not as much as you wanted.
    In the land of the blind the one-eyed man is king
    A man of even limited ability has an advantage over a person who is less able.
    Justice delayed is justice denied
    If the law is applied too late, there is no justice.
    Kill one to warn a hundred
    Warn many people by punishing a few.

     Phrasal Verbs

    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    narrow down- Reduce a list or a number of options.    
    The list of suspects has been narrowed down to three people.
    pay back- Reimburse    
    I will lend you 20€ provided you pay me back before the end of the week.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    live/ stay
    In this context to live is a verb. If someone lives somewhere they are a permanent resident of that place.

    For example:- Where do you live? = What is your current address / country of residence.
    When I was younger I lived in Scotland, but now I am living in Germany.

    To stay is also a verb, but in this context if you stay somewhere it is temporary.

    For example: Where did you stay while you were at the conference?
    When I first moved to Scotland I stayed with friends until I found a place to live.

    Note - Try not to get confused between the verb to live (rhymes with give) and the adjective / adverb live (rhymes with hive).

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    afterparty- A relaxed social gathering which takes place after a party, a concert or any other crowded event.
    Sitcom- Blend of 'situation' and 'comedy'. A drama, on television, based on humorous everyday situations.
    Twittion- Blend of 'Twitter' and 'petition',  a Twitter petition.

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Posted Date : 25-Oct-2017
  • Idiom
    earn while you learn
    This expression refers to the possibility of earning a salary while in training.
    Become an apprentice and get paid while in training.  Earn while you learn!
    facts speak for themselves
    When the facts of a situation are co clear that no further explanation or extra details are necessary, the facts speak for themselves.
    No need to tell you that the situation is disastrous.  The facts speak for themselves.
    itchy feet
    A person who has itchy feet is someone who finds it difficult to stay in one place and likes to travel and discover new places.
    Andrew's got itchy feet again.  He says he's going to teach in China for a few years.
    keep a lid on
    If you keep the lid on something, you hide it or control it to prevent people from finding out about it.
    The company tried to keep a lid on the negotiations but word got out to the press.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.pick on    
    break away- fromLeave and become independent    
    He broke away from the organisation and
    play down- Minimize or make something appear less important    
    The government played down the gravity of the situation.
    freak out- Panic or go crazy    
    She nearly freaked out when she saw the colour of her hair. It was a disaster!

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    harmony (noun) 

    1. a balanced, pleasing, or suitable arrangement of parts her face had an angelic harmony that fascinated the leading painters of her day
    Synonyms- of harmony balance, coherence, concinnity, consonance, consonancy, orchestration, proportion, symmetry, symphony, unity
    Near Antonyms- of harmony confusion, disorganization, dissonance, disturbance, tension disconnectedness, disjointedness, incompatibility irregularity, unevenness
    Antonyms- of harmony asymmetry, discordance, disproportion, disunity, imbalance, incoherence, violence
    2. peaceful coexistence the apparent inability of the party's right and left wings to resolve their conflicts and live in harmony at least during the co vention
    Synonyms- of harmony chime, comity, compatibility, concord, peace
    Near Antonyms- of harmony antagonism, antipathy, enmity, hatred, hostility, unfriendliness alienation, breach, divorce, estrangement, rupture, schism, scission, severance dissent, dissidence
    anarchy, disorder, disturbance, strife, turmoil
    Antonyms- of harmony conflict, discord, dissension (also dissention), variance
    3. a state of consistency for once, the kids' idea of a vacation was in perfect harmony with their parents' notion of total relaxation
    Synonyms- of harmony accord, accordance, agreement, conformance, congruence, congr ency, congruity, consonance, conformity, tune
    Near Antonyms- of harmony contrast, discrepancy, disparateness, disparity, dissimilarity, di tinction, distinctiveness, distinctness, diverseness, diversity, unlikeness deviance, divergence discord, discordance, dissension (also dissention), dissent, dissidence, disunity, friction, strife variability, variance incompatibility
    Antonyms- of harmony conflict, disagreement, incongruence, incongruity, incongruousness

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Posted Date : 24-Oct-2017
  • Proverbs
    A bird in hand is worth two in 
    a bush.    It is better to keep what you have rather than to risk losing it by searching for something better.
    (A) burnt child dreads the fire.    
    A bad experience will make people stay away from certain things.
    less pleased to see you.
    Constant occupation prevents temptation.    When you are busy working, you avoid temptation.
    The proof of the pudding is in the eating.    
    The real value of something can be judged only after it has been tried or tested.
    Virtue is its own reward.
    You should not expect praise for acting in a correct or moral way.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    brush up on- Improve, refresh one's knowledge of something.    
    Mary decided to brush up on her Spanish before going to South-America.
    look after- Take care of    
    A baby sitter looks after the children when their parents go out.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English

    look at / watch
    To look at - When you look at something (or someone) you are interested in the appearance of that thing or person.
    Generally we look at things that are static.
    For example: Look at these photos, they're really good.
    I went to the art gallery to look at the exhibition of paintings.
    Look at her, dressed up like a dog's dinner. What on earth does she think she looks like?
    To watch is a verb.
    When you watch someone or something you are interested in what happens.
    Generally we watch things that move or change state.
    For example: I watch TV every night.
    The security guard watched the shoplifter steal the clock.
    Note - If I say to you "Look at him!" I mean for you to check out his appearance. But, if I say to you "Watch him!" you can take it as a warning.
    See also see vs watch. 

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    omnishambles- A badly-managed situation, especially in politics, in which poor judgment results in blunders and miscalculations with potentially disastrous consequences.
    pig ear / pig's ear- Pieces of metal fixed to the edge of low walls, ledges, benches, steps etc. in urban areas to prevent skateboarders from sliding or jumping on them. These are also called “skateboard deterrents” or “skatestoppers”. 

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