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The English Corner 11 Jully

Posted Date : 11-Jul-2018



Economics Terminology  
Monetary policy - The objectives of the central bank in exercising its control over money, interest rates, and credit conditions.  The instruments of monetary policy are primarily open-market operations, reserve requirements, and the discount rate.  
Money - Anything that is generally accepted as a medium of exchange with which to buy goods and services, a good that can be used to buy all other goods and services, that serves as a standard of value, and has a store of value. 

A Guide to Inventions and Discoveries
Thermodynamics: (first law: energy cannot be created or destroyed, only converted from one form to another) Julius von Mayer, Germany, 1842; James Joule, England, 1843; (second law: heat cannot of itself pass from a colder to a warmer body) Rudolph Clausius, Germany, 1850; (third law: the entropy of ordered solids reaches zero at the absolute zero of temperature)Walter Nernst, Germany, 1918.
Tire, pneumatic: Robert W. Thompson, England, 1845; (bicycle tire) John B. Dunlop, Northern Ireland, 1888.

Words with a heart  

lose one's heart to  - to fall in love with  
near or close to one's heart  - cherished or important  

PHILOSOPHICAL ISMS

Each word with a suffix 'ism' represents a philosophical, political or moral doctrine or a belief system.
dualism    doctrine that the universe is             controlled by one good and             one evil force.
diphysitism    belief in the dual nature of             Christ
ditheism    belief in two equal gods, one         good and one evil

PROVERBS
proverb - is a saying that makes a truth or piece of wisdom easier to remember e.g. a stitch in time saves nine 
pretty is as pretty does
 you should do pleasant things if you want pe ple to think that you are pleasant Pretty is as pretty does, I said to my friend and suggested that he should be more pleasant if he wants pe ple to like him. 

sticks and stones may break my bones but names/words will never hurt me
verbal insults will not physically hurt a person The little boy yelled "sticks and stones may break my bones but names will never hurt me," when the older boy started to call him bad names. 
there is no accounting for taste
 it is difficult to understand why somebody likes something There is no accounting for taste I thought as I looked at the man in the red pants and the green shoes.

MANIA 
(Uncontrolled obsession is called mania)
illyngomania        vertigo
insectomania        insects
iomania            poison
Islamomania        Islam
isolomania        solitude, being alone
isopteromania        termites

Buzz Words

Recently-coined new words in English,  terms and expressions with their meaning. 
synastry  [mass noun] Astrology compar son between the horoscopes of two or more people in order to determine their likely co patibility and relationship.

Names for Names

eponym    p    ersonal name from which anoth            er name is derived
euonym    a     pleasing or beautiful name
euonymous    appropriately named

Tongue Twister

Wayne went to Wales to watch walruses.
(Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)




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