अंग्रेज़ी

Posted Date : 22-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    wouldn't be caught dead

    If someone says that they wouldn't be caught or seen dead in a particular place or doing something, they mean that they would be too ashamed or embarrassed.
    My seven-year-old son thinks he's a big boy; he wouldn't be caught dead holding my hand in front of his friends!
    false move
    In a dangerous or risky situation, if you make a false move, you do something which may have unpleasant consequences.
    He is under close surveillance. If he makes one false move he'll be arrested.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    dig into- 1) Try to find deep inside something.
    2) Start to do something., 3) Take from something.    
    1) He dug into his pocket and found a coin. 2) It was time to dig into the work that had accumulated on her desk. 3) Dad had to dig into his savings to repair the  roof.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    homework /housework

    Homework (noun) - refers to tasks assigned to students by teachers to be completed mostly outside of class, and derives its name from the fact that most students do the majority of such work at home.
    For example: "A lot of students in the UK get too much homework."
    Housework (noun) - refers to domestic household chores such as cleaning and cooking.
    For example: "I never seem to have enough time to do the housework. There's always something that needs dusting or polishing."

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Bashtag- A bashtag is a hashtag (#) that is used to make critical or abusive comments on social networking services such as Twitter.
    Cage sandals- A type of sandal with a lot of thin straps.
    Favicon- Favourite icon: a tiny little graphic that appears when you bookmark a site

    Tongue Twister
    She sells seashells by the seashore.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 21-Apr-2018
  • Proverbs 
    Advice is cheap

    It doesn't cost anything to offer advice.
    Dogs of the same street bark alike
    People of the same background have the same behaviour.
     fool at forty is a fool forever.
    If a person hasn't matured by the age of 40, they never will.
    Give someone an inch and they will take a mile (or yard)
    Give someone a little and they will want more - some people are never satisfied.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    break up- Come to an end (marriage, relationship...)
    After her marriage broke up, Emma went to live in London.
    look back on-    Remember the past
    My parents and their friends like to look back on "the good old days".
    settle for- Accept  something not quite satisfactory.    
    I was hoping for a better proposal but I'll settle for the amount you offer.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English

    immunity / impunity
    Immunity and impunity are almost synonyms, but they are not always interchangeable.
    Immunity is a broad term relating to protection from or exemption from something, especially an obligation or penalty.
    For example: In US law, a witness who has been granted immunity, but   refuses to offer testimony may be held in contempt of the court.
    Impunity has a narrower definition that refers explicitly to exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
    For example: Today it seems that the Internet is a place where hackers can break into computers with relative impunity.

    ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Environment
    Word         Meaning
    herbicide    A herbicide used to kill or pre            vent the growth of unwanted             plants.
    insecticide    A pesticide compound used to         kill or prevent the growth of             insects.
    methane    An odourless, colourless, flam            mable gas formed when organ            ic matter decomposes.

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Posted Date : 20-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    fling oneself into

    If you fling yourself into an activity, you do it with a lot of energy and enthusiasm.
    Ever since she flung herself in the anti-pollution campaign, she rarely has a free moment!
    gather dust
    An idea, plan or project which is gathering dust is in fact stagnating or has not attracted attention for some time.
    Just before the elections, the outgoing mayor produced plans for a new bridge which had been gathering dust for several years.
    hustle and bustle
    This term refers to busy energetic activity in an atmosphere of general excitement.
    I prefer to live in the country. I hate the hustle and bustle of city life.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    answer back- Reply rudely
     Don't answer back your mother!
    come up against- Be faced with or opposed by.
    The project came up against a lot of criticism.
    drive at- Insinuate;  be trying to say.
    What exactly are you driving at?

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    transport (noun)

    1. a state of overwhelming usually pleasurable emotion 
    “was in transports of joy after winning the championship”
    Synonyms- cloud nine, elatedness, elation, euphoria, exhilaration, heaven, high, intoxication, paradise, rapture, rhapsody, seventh heaven, swoon, transport
    Near Antonyms- misery, sadness, unhappiness, woe, wretchedness; blues, dejection, desolation, despair, despondency, disconsolateness, disheartenment, dispiritedness, doldrums, downheartedness, dreariness, dumps, forlornness, gloom, gloominess, heartsickness, melancholy, mopes
    Antonyms- depression
    2. something used to carry goods or passengers
     “rising gas prices will impel more people to use public transport”
    Synonyms- transport, transportation, vehicle

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    hater-A person who greatly dislikes someone or something and makes unpleasant comments about them, especially online. Also: A social networking app which allows people to share their dislikes.
    jeggings- Blend of 'jean' and 'leggings'. Tight-fitting stretch trousers for women made from a denim fabric with the elasticity of a legging. They resemble a pair of denim jeans with fake pockets and belt loops. 

     

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Posted Date : 19-Apr-2018
  • Proverbs
    (A) rotten apple spoils the barrel.    

    A dishonest or immoral person can have a bad influence on a group.
    (A) stitch in time saves nine.    
    It's better to deal with a problem at an early stage so as to prevent it from getting worse.
    The best things in life are free.    
    You don't have to pay for what is important: happiness, friendship, good health.
    Variety is the spice of life.    
    Doing a lot of different things makes life more interesting.
    Waste not, want not.    
    If you never waste anything, you will have is when you need it.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    use up-    Finish a product ( so that there's none left)    
    The kids have used up all the toothpaste
    vouch for- Express confidence in, or guarantee something    
    You can give the keys to Andy.  I can vouch for him.

    Common Mistakes and 
    Confusing Words in English
    overrun / run over

    Overrun is a verb.
    It can mean to spread over or occupy (a place) in large numbers.
    For example: If bin collections do not improve we could be overrun by rats.
    It can also mean, to conquer or occupy a territory by force.
    For example: The enemy had overrun the country during the first half of the war.
    Run over is a phrasal verb.
    It can mean to collide with, knock down, and even physically go over someone or something.
    For example: The child was run over by the car.
    It can also mean to go beyond a time limit.
    For example: Presentations would often run over due to bad moderating.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Bitcoin- Digital currency which allows payments to be sent from one party to another without going through a financial institution
    Click bait- Put something on a website that will encourage visitors to click on a link.
    Smirt- Blend of 'smoke' and 'flirt' Smoking prohibition laws have led to a new sort of social pastime : 'smirting', smokers getting to know each other when outside on the pavement.

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Posted Date : 18-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    keep a lid on

    If you keep the lid on something, you hide it or control it to prevent people from finding out about it.
    The company tried to keep a lid on the negotiations but word got out to the press.
    love me, love my dog
    This expression means that if someone loves you, they must love everything about you, including everyone and everything you love.
    Harry didn't like Sally's best friend, but Sally said : 'love me, love my dog!'
    moonlight flit
    Someone who does a moonlight flit leaves a place quickly and in secret, usually to avoid paying debts.
    Just before the rent was due he did a moonlight flit.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    blow up- 1) Explode, 2) Be destroyed by an explosion.
    1) The terrorists said the bomb would blow  up at 9 o'clock. 2) The car blew up but luckily there was  nobody in it.
    even out- 1) Eliminate differences of opinion. 2) Become level or regular    
    1) After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences. 2) The road was evened out to make it safer.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    intellect (noun)

    1 a very smart person one of the finest intellects of our time
    Synonyms- of intellect brain, brainiac, genius, thinker, whiz, wiz, wizard
    Words Related- to intellect polymath, Renaissance man blue, bluestocking, highbrow, intellectual sage, savantegghead, geek, longhair, ner master, virtuoso
    Near Antonyms- of intellect ignoramus, illiterate, know-nothing, lowbrow anti-intellectual, philistine ass, donkey, fool, jackassbeast, boor, cad, churl, clown, creep, cretin, cur, heel, jerk, louse, lout, skunk, snake, stinker
    Antonyms- of intellect blockhead, dodo, dolt, dope, dumbbell, dummy, dunce, fathead, goon, half-wit, hammerhead, idiot, imbecile, knucklehead, moron, nitwit, numskull (or numbskull), pinhead
    2. the ability to learn and understand or to deal with problems a child of great intellect as well as artistic talent
    Synonyms- of intellect brain(s), brainpower, gray matter, headpiece, intellectuality, intelligence, mentality, reason, sense
    Words Related- to intellect eggheadedness, highbrowism, intellectualism braininess, brilliance acumen, alertness, apprehension, astuteness, discernment, discriminability, insight, judgment (or judgement), perception, percipience, perspicacity common sense, horse sense, mother wit aptitude, talent sagacity, sapience, wisdom, wit head, mind, skull.
    Near Antonyms- of intellect denseness, density, doltishness, dopiness, dullness (also dulness), dumbness, fatuity, feeblemindedness, foolishness, half-wittedness, imbecility, senselessness, simpleness, slowness, stupidity.

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Posted Date : 17-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    in the dark

    If someone is kept or left in the dark about something, they are not informed about it.
    The personnel was kept in the dark about the merger until the last minute.
    fast track something
    If you decide to fast track something, such as a task or project, you give it high priority so that the objective is reached as quickly as possible.
    In view of the number of homeless, it was decided to fast track the construction of low-cost housing.
    get on like a house on fire
    Two people who get on like a house on fire have similar interests and quickly become good friends.
    As soon as Sarah met her brother's girlfriend, they got on like a  house on fire.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    sober up- Get rid of the effects of too much alcohol    
    Jack went for a long walk to sober up.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    holy / holly

    holy is an adjective used to describe anything dedicated or consecrated to God or for a religious purpose.
    For example:- King Arthur searched for the Holy Grail.
    holly (noun)  is a shrub. Typically holly has prickly dark green leaves, small white flowers, and bright red berries. 
    For example:- Holly, was believed to have magical powers.
    Note - don't confuse holy with holey.
    interested / interesting
    Interested is a past participle. When used as an adjective it says how someone feels.
    For example: "I was very interested in the lesson."
    Interesting is a present participle. When used as an adjective it describes the people or things that cause the feelings.
    For example: "It was an interesting lesson ."

    Tongue Twister
    Not these things here, but those things there.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 16-Apr-2018
  • Proverbs
    (A) man is judged by his deeds, not by his words.

    A person is judged on what he/she actually does, not on what they say they will do.
    No man is a hero to his valet.    
    Few people are admired by those who know them intimately and are aware of their failings.
    One today is worth two tomorrows.    
    What you have today is better than what is promised or hoped for.
    The early bird catches the worm.    
    Act early, or before anyone else, if you want to have an advantage or be successful.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    water down- 1) Dilute or make weaker by adding water 2) Make less severe    
    1) If you water down the medicine it will be  easier to take. 2) He watered down his remarks so as not  to offend anyone.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    bored / boring

    bored is an adjective that describes when someone feels tired and unhappy because something is not interesting or because they have nothing to do.
    For example: She was so bored that she fell asleep.
    boring is an adjective that means something is not interesting or exciting.
    For example: The lesson was so boring that she fell asleep. 
    Note- Most verbs which express emotions, such as to bore, may use either the present or the past participle as an adjective, but the meaning of the participle is often different.
    You might be able to remember it using this sentence:-
    "Only boring people get bored."

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Landline- A telephone connected to wires in a fixed location as opposed to  a mobile or cell phone.
    Pixie cut- A short hairstyle for women in which the hair is cut around the ears and cropped in layers so as to create a tousled effect

     

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Posted Date : 14-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    lose the plot

    If a situation becomes so confusing that you are unable to understand what is happening or what you are supposed to do, you lose the plot.
    His instructions were so long and confusing that I just lost the plot!
    money for jam
    A very easy way of earning money is called money for jam.
    All you've got to do is hand out brochures.  It's money for jam!
    reach for the moon
    If you reach for the moon, you are very ambitious and try to achieve something even it it is difficult.
    Jenny is talented and ambitious; she always tends to reach for the moon.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    hit on/upon- Find unexpectedly or by inspiration
    She hit upon an idea for her new collection.
    leaf through- Turn over pages quickly    
    She leafed through a magazine in the waiting room.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    service ( noun)

    1. an act of kind assistance 
    “performed many services for the charitable organization”
    Synonyms- benevolence, boon, courtesy, grace, indulgence, kindness, mercy, service, turn
    Near Antonyms- hindrance, hurdle, impediment, interference, obstacle
    2. the capacity for being useful for some purpose
    “that broom is worn out beyond all service”
    Synonyms- account, avail, mileage, service, serviceability, serviceableness, usefulness, utility
    Near Antonyms- inapplicability, inappropriateness
    3. the combined army, air force, and navy of a nation  “at the time the country had about a million men and women in the service”
    Synonyms- colors, military, service, troops
    Near Antonyms- civilians, noncombatants
    4. a large unit of a governmental, business, or educational organization 
    “the OSS, the nation's wartime intelligence service”
    Synonyms- agency, arm, branch, bureau, department, desk, office, service

    Tongue Twister
    Frogfeet, flippers, swimfins.
    Singing Sammy sung songs on sinking sand.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

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Posted Date : 13-Apr-2018
  • Proverbs
    A cat has nine lives.

    1) Cats can survive many accidents because they land on their feet without injury. 2) Nine lives = 3 years to play, 3 years to stray, 3 years to stay.
    (A) burnt child dreads the fire.
    A bad experience will make people stay away from certain things.
    Courtesy is contagious
    If you are polite to other people, they will be polite to you.
    (A) drop of ink may make a million think.
    A thought expressed in writing (for example, published in a newspaper) can influence a large number of people.

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    afterparty- A relaxed social gathering which takes place after a party, a concert or any other crowded event. 
    bashtag- A bashtag is a hashtag (#) that is used to make critical or abusive comments on social networking services such as Twitter.
    catfish- A person who sets up a false profile on a social networking site in order to deceive others or for fraudulent.


    Synonyms and Antonyms
    assembly (noun)

    1 a body of people come together in one placethe usual assembly of early morning commuters waiting at the train station
    Synonyms of- assembly assemblage, conference, congregation, convocation, gathering, ingathering, meeting, muster
    Words Related to- assembly company, consort, coterie, gang, pack caucus, forum, market, panel, rally, symposium, synod audience, gallery, grandstand, house crowd, flock, horde, legion, multitude, press, swarm, throng crush, mob, rabble
    2. a body of persons gathered for religious worship The preacher addressed the assembly in somber tones.
    Synonyms of- assembly church, congregation
    Words Related to- assembly flock, laity, parish
    communion, confession, denomination, fold, sect
    3. a coming together of a number of persons for a specified purpose Attendance at the awards assembly is mandatory.
    Synonyms of- assembly congress, convention, convocation, council, gathering, get-together, huddle, meeting, powwow
    Words Related to- assemblyclinic, workshopcaucus, conclave, synoddemonstration, rallyconversation, dialogue (also dialog), discourse,discussion, palaver, talknegotiation, parley, summitconference, forum, roundtable, seminar, symposium,  interview, session.

     

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Posted Date : 12-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    (come) hell or high water

    If you declare that you will do something come hell or high water, you mean that you will do it in spite of the difficulties involved.
    Come hell or high water I've got to be on time for the interview.
    (go to) hell in a handcart
    If someone or something is going to hell in a handcart, their condition is poor and continues to deteriorate.
    This used to be a nice place to live, but now the area is going to hell in a handcart.
    hit the spot
    If something hits the spot, it is exactly what is needed or wanted.
    On such a hot day, a cool drink would really hit the spot!

    Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    look away- Turn your head away so as not to see    
    The scene was so horrible that I had to look away.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    company (noun)

    1 an organized group of stage performers a city that is fortunate enough to have two thriving stage companies
    Synonyms of- company troop, troupe
    2. a group of people working together on a task A company of carpenters constructed the frame of the house in no time.
    Synonyms of- company army, band, brigade, crew, gang, outfit, party, platoon, squad, team
    3. a commercial or industrial activity or organization She works for a construction company.
    Synonyms of- company business, concern, enterprise, establishment, firm, house, interest, outfit
    4. the feeling of closeness and friendship that exists between companions enjoying each other's company
    Synonyms of- company brotherhood, camaraderie, community, companionship, comradery, comradeship, fellowship, society
    Near Antonyms of- company forlornness, loneliness, lonesomeness
    5. a position within view I would prefer that you not mock your so-called friends while in my company.
    Synonyms of- company presence, sight.

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Posted Date : 11-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    edge of one's seat

    Someone who is on the edge of their seat is very interested in something and finds it both extremely exciting and nerve-wracking.
    Look at Bob! He's on the edge of his seat watching that rugby match!
    friends in high places
    If you know important or influential people in business or government, you have friends in high places.
    He wouldn't have succeeded without help from friends in high places.
    grin and bear it
    When faced with a difficult or unpleasant situation, if you say that someone will have to grin and bear it, you mean that they will have to accept it without complaining.
    The only seat available is on a low-cost flight.  You'll just have to grin and bear it!
    hold all the aces
    A person who holds all the aces is in a very strong position because they have more advantages than anyone else.
    Given the high unemployment rates today, employers hold all the aces.

    ENVIRONMENT VOCABULARY
    Biotechnology- The application of technology to the study or manipulation of living things in areas such as agricultural production, hybrid plant development, medicine, environmental research, etc.
    Carbon footprint- A measure of the effect that human activities have on the climate (measured in units of carbon dioxide).
    Desalination- Desalination is the removal of salts from saline water to obtain fresh water suitable for animal and human consumption or for irrigation.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English

    collage / college
    A collage can be a collection or combination of various things, or in the context or art it is an artwork made by sticking various different materials such as photographs and pieces of paper or fabric to form a picture.
    For example: Her portfolio included several collages.
    A college is an educational institution.
    For example: He never went to college and like to say that he'd studied at the university of life.
    Note - See also collage / college (pronunciation)
    defrost / melt
    Defrost  is a verb that means to (cause to) become free of ice, or to (cause to) become no longer frozen.
    For example: "I had to defrost the fridge before I could defrost the fish from the freezer in it."
    Melt is a verb, it means to turn from something solid into something soft or liquid.
    For example: "The ice melted in the heat."
    Note - you really don't want to melt the fridge.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    look back on-     Remember the past    
    My parents and their friends like to look back on "the good old days".

     

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Posted Date : 10-Apr-2018
  • Proverbs
    Children and fools tell the truth.

    Neither children nor fools know that it is sometimes advantageous to lie.
    (A) drop of ink may make a million think.
    A thought expressed in writing (perhaps published in a newspaper) can influence a large number of people.
    False friends are worse than open enemies.It's better to know who your real enemies are rather than trust someone who pretends to be a friend but is capable of stabbing you in the back

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    even out- 1) Eliminate differences of opinion. 2) Become level or regular    
    1) After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences. 2) The road was evened out to make it safer.

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    purchase (verb)

    to get possession of (something) by giving money in exchange for 
    “I need to purchase a new heavy coat”
    Synonyms- cop [slang], pick up, purchase, take
    Related Words- acquire, gain, garner, get, obtain, procure, secure, win; finance, pay (for), spring (for); barter (for), deal (for), dicker (over), exchange (for), haggle (for), negotiate (about), trade (for); bargain (with), chaffer (with), horse-trade (with), palter (with); bid, offer; rebuy, repurchase
    Near Antonyms- deal (in), market, merchandise (also merchandize), retail, sell, vend

    BUSINESS  ENGLISH  VOCABULARY
    Advertising
    Word         Meaning
    mailshot    Piece of advertising material             sent to potential customers by         post.
    roadside signs    Large panels along roads and         motorways used for outdoor             advertising.
    tabloid        Newspaper printed in small             format, usually with a lot of             photographs

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Posted Date : 09-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    lose the plot

    If a situation becomes so confusing that you are unable to understand what is happening or what you are supposed to do, you lose the plot.
    His instructions were so long and confusing that I just lost the plot!
    money for jam
    A very easy way of earning money is called money for jam.
    All you've got to do is hand out brochures.  It's money for jam!
    reach for the moon
    If you reach for the moon, you are very ambitious and try to achieve something even it it is difficult.
    Jenny is talented and ambitious; she always tends to reach for the moon.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    hold up- Show as a example    
     She held up the diagram for all to see.
    break through-Force a way through somethin    
    The car broke through the barrier.

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    assume / know vs think

    To assume is a regular verb that means to suppose something to be true, but without proof.
    For example:- I assume you're here to learn English.
    To know is an irregular verb that means to be absolutely certain or sure about something, usually through observation, inquiry, or information.
    For example:- You know you should practise English every day, but you never seem to have the time.
    To think is an irregular verb that means to have a particular opinion, belief, or idea about someone or something.
    For example:- I think English is a global language.
    Note - If you need to remember which one to use, memorise this sentence:-
    Why do some people assume they know what other people think about something?

    NEW WORDS IN ENGLISH
    Koozie- A thermal foam sleeve to put around a can or bottle to keep the content cool.
    Nonliner- Someone who rarely or never uses the Internet, usually because they cannot access it

     

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Posted Date : 09-Apr-2018
  • Idiom
    gnomes of Zurich

    This is a disparaging term for Swiss bankers who control a lot of money, are said to be uninterested in the provenance of funds and protect their clients' identity.
    The gnomes of Zurich refuse to cooperate with the investigating officials
    lame duck
    A person or organization in difficulty and unable to manage without help is called a lame duck.
    Some banks have become lame ducks recently.
    needle in haystack    
    To refer to something as a needle in a haystack means that it is very difficult or impossible to find.
    Finding a pub in Dublin without knowing its name is like looking for a needle in a haystack.

    Tongue Twister
    Upper roller lower roller Upper roller lower roller.  Purple Paper People, Purple Paper People, Purple Paper People.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

    Synonyms and Antonyms
    sorrow (verb)

    to feel deep sadness or mental pain 
    “the soldier's widow continued to sorrow long after her husband's last letter had turned yellow with age”
    Synonyms- agonize, anguish, bleed, hurt, mourn, grieve, suffer
    Related Words- ache, long (for), pine (away), sigh, smart; rack, torment, torture; bemoan, bewail, deplore, lament, rue; bawl, blubber, cry, groan, howl, keen, moan, sob, take on, wail, weep, yammer, yowl; languish; regret
    Near Antonyms- beam, cheer, crow, delight, exult, glory, joy, laugh, ravish, rejoice, triumph; assure, cheer, comfort, commiserate, console, reassure, solace, soothe, sympathize

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    even out- 1) Eliminate differences of opinion. 2) Become level or regular, 
    1) After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences., 2) The road was evened out to make it safer.

     

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Posted Date : 06-Apr-2018
  • Idioms

    abbreviated piece of nothing

    This slang expression refers to someone who is considered to be insignificant or worthless.
    Bob doesn't think much of his new colleague. He calls him an 'abbreviated piece of nothing'.

    to the best of one's ability.
    When someone does something to the best of their ability, they do it as well as they possibly can.
    I felt nervous all through the interview, but I replied to the best of my ability.

    (of) no fixed abode
    A person of no fixed abode has nowhere permanent to live.
    A 30-year-old man of no fixed abode was charged with the burglary.

    about turn/about face
    This term refers to a complete change of opinion or policy.
    The ambassador's recent declarations indicate an about turn in foreign policy.

    above and beyond the call of duty
    If a person does something which is above and beyond the call of duty, they show a greater degree of courage or effort than is usually required or expected in their job.
    The fire-fighter received a medal for his action which went above and beyond the call of duty.

    above board
    If a situation or business is described as above board, it is open, honest and legal.
    There are not secret negotiations.  Our dealings have always been above board.

     VOCABULARY
    Computers & Information Technology

    N.B. The British spelling 'programme' is no longer used to refer to a computer program, 
    although it is still correct in other phrases e.g. 'television programme'.

     Phrasal Verbs

    get up    Rise / leave bed    I usually get up at 7 o'clock.


    go along (with)    Agree with; accept.    Alex tends to go along with anything his wife says.

    go back    Return    Children go back to school after the holidays.
    go by    Pass    - A bus went by without stopping.
    - Time goes by so quickly!
    go down    Decrease, reduce    The price of property has gone down a bit.
    go down with    Become ill with an infectious disease     Half of the team has gone down with the flu.
    go for    Try to gain or attain.    He trained hard and went for the gold medal.
    go in    Enter    There's a nice restaurant.  Let's go in and 
    book a table for tonight.

     

     

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Posted Date : 05-Apr-2018
  • Proverbs
    Penny wise, pound foolish.

    Refers to a person who is careful about spending small amounts of money, but not careful about spending large amount
    Too many cooks spoil the broth.
    If too many people are involved in something, it will not be done properly
    Variety is the spice of life.
    Doing a lot of different things makes life more interesting.
    When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
    You should adopt the customs of the people or country you are visiting and behave in the same way.

    Tongue Twister
    Rhys watched Ross switch his Irish wristwatch for a Swiss wristwatch.
    I'll chew and chew until my jaws drop.
    (Repeat it loudly a few times to check   if you could say it fast, without a slip)

    Common Mistakes and
     Confusing Words in English
    oncentrate / concentrated

    The verb - When you concentrate you direct all your efforts towards a particular activity, subject or problem.
    For example: You need to concentrate harder when you listen to something in another language.
    The adjective - If something is concentrated it means it has had some liquid removed.
    For example: I prefer freshly squeezed orange juice to concentrated.
    Note- The simple past of "to concentrate" is "concentrated" this is where the confusion may arise.
    For example: She concentrated very hard in the exam.

     Phrasal Verbs
    A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb. Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order with their meaning and an example of use.
    break with- Discontinue something or 
    do something in a different way.    He broke with tradition and invented new methods.

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